Republican Archectiure: Towns and Houses (Jan. 24/26 2011)
Types of colonies:
Latin colony: without voting rights, usually farther from Rome, often guarding coasts
Deductio- foundation of a colony
lex colonia- law establishing the colony
Roman Topography in the Late Republic: Sulla, Pompey, & Caesar
Social War 91-83
Socii, or allies, revolt against Rome
Makes the career of Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Sulla takes command of army and conquers Campania and Samnium (89-88)
Sulla is consul in 88
Northumbria ENG, ca.
698-721. Tempera on
Purse cover, from the Sutton Hoo ship burial, Suffolk, ENG. ca.
625. Gold, glass, and cloisonn garnets.
Animal-head post from Viking ship burial, Oseberg, Norway,
ca. 834. Wood.
ca. 3000-2920 BCE.
Slate, 21 high.
Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid and mortuary precinct of
Djoser, Saqqara, 3rd Dynasty. Ca. 2630-2611 BCE.
Imhotep, Stepped Pyramid and mortuary precinct of
Fibula with Orientalizing Lions. 650-640 BCE. Gold.
Model of an Etruscan temple.
ca. 6th century BCE
Vulca de Veii? Apulu, from the
roof of the Portonaccio temple,
ca. 510-500 BCE. Terracotta.
Sarcophagus, Cerveteri, Italy, ca.
St. Denis, FR, Plan of the east end, 1140-1144.
Ambulatory and radiating
chapels, St. Denis,
Chartres Cathedral, FR, ca. 1145-1155.
Royal Portal, Chartres Cathedral, ca. 1145-1155.
Old Testament kings and
queens, jamb statues, central
Human with feline head,
GER, ca. 30,000-28,000
BCE. Mammoth ivory,
11 5/8 high.
Nude woman (Venus of
Willendorf), Austria, ca.
Limestone, 4 high.
Woman holding a bison
horn, from Laussel, FR,
ca. 25,000-20,000 B
Temple of Portunus, Rome, ca. 75 BCE.
Temple of Vesta
Early 1st c.
Sanctuary of Fortuna Primigenia, Palestrina,
late 2nd c. BCE.
Head of a man,
mid-first c. BCE.
Roman General, Sanctuary
of Hercules, Tivoli. ca.7550
Portrait of Augustus as
ca. 20 BCE.
Ara Pacis Augustae, 13-9 BCE.
Tellus (?), relief from the Ara Pacis
Procession of the imperial family, Ara Pacis.
ca. 70-80 CE.
Column of Trajan,
Flavian Architecture Part 2
Imperial fora at Rome
Temple Pacis- square portico without any real focus in the back.
Reconstruction of Templum Pacis AD71-79
Domus Flavia/Augustana on the Palatine, AD 92
over looks the race track
Villa at Oplontis
everything was encased in ash
-both paintings and tons of statues were found
-this site was probably abandoned before the final burial, and a lot of stuff was probably moved before
the final eruption as well as victim
Pompeii's Theater District
Small Theater- upper seats were for whomever, lower seats for important people
idealized plan of an early atrium house- shop fronts were left and right of household doors. Usually the
Art History 2/23
Road- Paving Stones on Top, then pebbles and gravel, then the foundation of large stones and sand.
Imported marbles from Asia Minor, Greece, Egypt, and North African
(Proconnesian, giallo antico, cipollino, africano, aswan granite)
Art History Notes 3/2/2011
Claudius (ruled 41-54 AD), 42-43 AD, over life-size marble, from Lanuvium, Vatican Museums
Ravenna relief, c. AD 45-50, marble, from Ravenna
-two figures in divine semi-nudity
-two in military garb
-figure on far right is believ
Fourth Style (pompeiian painting)
-often referred to as baroque
-combines features of second and third styles
-individual paintings might have either mythological or architectural themes
-goal is to explore space
House of the Vettii
-famous for the elabor
Notes RAA 3/28/2011
Types of Roman Bath- thermae & balnea
Major Features of Roman Baths:
palesta-colonnaded exercise yard
apodyterium- changing/cool down room
laconicum- dry sweat room (prebathing form of exercise)
frigidarium- cold room, with cold wa
St. Sernin, Toulouse, France, ca. 1070-1120.
St. Sernin, nave.
St. Sernin radiating chapels
Christ in Majesty,
relief in the
ambulatory of St.
FR. ca. 1096.
St. Pierre, Moissac, FR. ca. 1110-1115.
Lions and O
White Temple & ziggurat, Uruk, Iraq, ca. 3200-3000 BCE.
Reconstruction drawing of the
White Temple and ziggurat, Uruk.
Marble, 8 high.
Warka Vase, Uruk, Iraq, ca.
3200-3000 BCE. Alabaster,
So-Called Brutus 3rd century BC
not in its original setting, it either belonged to a statue or a bust but now only head exists
typical hairstyle of Hellenistic rulers (especially those who emulated Alexander the Great)
Roman nose, no
Art History 2/21
Pyramid Tomb of Gaius and Tomb van Eurysaces
Augustus divided Rome into sections/neighborhoods.
Pyramid of c. Cestius 18-12 BC, concrete and travertine, Rome, on the Via Ostiense
Tomb of M. Vergilius Eurysaces, 30 BC, concrete tufa & trav
Art History Notes 2/28
Tiberius, ruled AD 14-37, marble bust from Arsinoe, Egypt
Statue group of Augustus with his heirs designate, Gaius and Lucius Caesar, c 1 AD, Corinth
-dress of Augustus shows him as Pontificus Maximus
-his heirs are
Notes Art History
Arch of Trajan, Beneventum, AD 114-118 side facing city
adventus (in the attic and down below)
classicism (very detailed, individual portrait picture, big figures) vs. anti-classicism (small
friezes, squat figures,
AH: Art and Architecture of Hadrian
essentially spherical inside.
Ground plan emphasizes the permeable nature of the barrier on the exterior walls, so as to
depict that the dome floats on flimsy walls.
Intermediate band dec
also known as fora imperiala
concrete arcades surround the entire structure (similar to Pompei amphitheater)
multiple entrances (like pompei amphitheater)
Colosseum is four stories above the ground, Pompei
found orchards, granary, as opposed to just the house.
Shows diligence of excavation
in Northern Eturia.
Villa of the Papyra
-preserved under a mudslide aside from house- hundreds of papyrus
-they can't really figure out what they say, but
Notes 1/31 AH
Census scene, So-Called Altar of Domitius Ahenobarbus, c. 100 BC
Shows the soldiers being accounted for by a scribe
Shows the ritual ending the 18th month of the census
Found in Rome, Roman style relief
(other side= Sea Thiasos- Wedding o
Roman A&A 2/16/2011
Maison Caree, marble, 19 BC, Nimes, France
province of Ancient Rome
best preserved Augustan temple.
At that time, Nimes had been part of the Roman Empire for nearly a century.
Maison Caree= squared house,
not a true peristyle.