Office Hours: T 11-12, W 2-3pm
Class: Hebert 213
Memories of Violence in 20th Century Europe
Marline Otte/History Department
Among the many instances of violent and traumatic collective experienc
This was the first bombing targeting soft targets. It was the first time in the 20th that terror
became part of warfare. Guernica had no strategic significance. It was supposed to
demoralize the Basque region.
The nature of bombing is that one do
Logavina Street: Life and Death In a Sarajevo Neighborhood
In 1991, the year that the Soviet Union broke up, a nationalist revival was
sweeping E. Europe, especially in the Social Federal Republic of Yugoslavia,
which was made up of six republics
The Roots of WWII
The Franco-Prussian War took place in 1871. It was a relatively benign war. It was an
extension of politics. Something happened between 1871 and 1939 that allowed for the
The arduous path to German unity didn't actualize until
What sets the twentieth century apart? Was it more violent than past centuries?
The emergence of nationalism- a person cannot ever change their national identity
The new notion of total war
The sheer numbers sets the century ap
Spanish Civil War
WWI brought about social and economic changes that all European countries had to deal with.
Spain was not a combatant in WWI and was widely a rural nation. It was not a place where one
would expect revolutionary change or any events that
It had always been seen as part of the spoils of war, accompanying the general brutality.
Rape during war was not considered a war crime until 1989 and 1998.
The rapes in 1945 were considered inhumane treatment, but were not categorized
There were three significant shifts in violence in the 20th century- Air warfare, rape as a
weapon of war and concentration camps.
Concentration camps did not originate with the Nazis. Internment camps existed in war
long before that. For example, the Che
Memorial Culture in Germany
East Germany looked to the less than stellar denazification of West Germany as proof
that capitalism is an extension of fascism.
Both needed to come to terms with the past, but this was done in the context of their
It is hard to pinpoint what invention specifically counts as the invention of photography.
The chemical processes invented during the industrial revolution allowed for the fixation
of an image on a plate. Photographs were not readily reproduce
What are moments that produced creative responses and what are moments that do not?
The class will compare WWI, WWII and the siege of Sarajevo.
There are two poems from WWI because the conflict evolved so much throughout. One
is by a Brit and one i
Who made it? For what purpose? For what audience? What was the reception of the film?
The first war trials were the Nuremburg Trials, which took place right away.
Eichmann escaped and was therefore not tried until 1960, when he was di
Do you agree with the Nuremberg prosecutor and if so why?
Do you see any inherent dangers in a legal system that remains in constant flux?
What has changed in international law between Nuremburg and the Bosnian war trials?
Hannah Arendt argued that the tr