CH 8: MEMORY
What is memory? Memory is the retention of information over time
a. Basic processes
i. encoding transforming sensory info into form that can be stored in
ii. storage holding info over time
iii. retrieval finding info and br
CH 9: THINKING AND LANGUAGE
Cognition Manipulating and Transforming information held in memory
b. Manipulating and transforming info
Concepts a mental grouping of people, places, things, events, (categories)
that share common prope
CH 11: MOTIVATION
What is motivation?
a. need or desire that energizes and directs behavior towards a particular
Theories of Motivation: What Motivates Us?
a. Instinct Theory all motivation comes from instincts
i. instincts automatic, inv
Chapter 10: Intelligence
What is intelligence? What intelligence tests measure: how well people
do in school.
a. Definitions vary
i. Possession of knowledge and ability to use it, and reason
adaptively in different environments
ii. Ability to master in
CH 5 Study Guide
What do developmental psychologists study?
Physical, cognitive, emotional, and changes occurring over a lifespan
What are the major issues/questions in the field of developmental psychology?
Nature vs. nurture
Stability vs. change
STUDY GUIDE CH 1
Definition of psychology
The scientific study of science of behavior and mental processes
What is hindsight bias?
The I knew it all along phenomenon. Makes you see life events/decisions as
predictable AFTER they occurred, making you think
CH 7: LEARNING
What is learning? a relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior
as a result of experience
a. Behaviorism everything learned, cognition irrelevant
b. Learning is very associated with behavior psychology
c. noticing patterns a
Here are the 3 possible essay questions for test 2. I will put one of them on the
I have also provided my guidelines/tips for answering essay questions below.
Answering an Essay Question: Guidelines.
1) Start with the key words/concept
Study of the
CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS PSYCHOLOGY?
Mind is brain
Mind and brain are different
More than biology, spiritual
Things happen for a reason
Psychology Extra Credit
1. Get good sleep
We all hear that sleep is important for everything including learning and memory.
However, it is actually true. In chapter 10.2 the textbook mentions that sleep
improves learning and memory. Getting a good night s
Question 2: Explain how issues of diversity (gender, ethnicity/culture,
family/parenting) could affect the life stage of adolescence as defined by Erikson.
(Also touch on how earlier life experiences could affect this stage of life; for example,
Suzie A. Davis is a senior in high school and currently seeing
me for depression symptoms. As a therapist, I have observed her,
her situation, and symptoms. She is down and unmotivated, sad
and tired. Her parents seem to fear Suzie has bipolar disorder,
Psych Final Study Guide:
Psychology: science of behavior and mental processes
o Arm-chair psychology -> came to conclusions about human behavior
based solely on speculation and casual observation
Personal beliefs may in
Chapter 13: Personality
Personality: an individuals enduring and unique characteristic pattern of thinking,
feeling, and acting that distinguishes them from another
Sigmund Freud -> Austrian physician who developed the fir
STUDY GUIDE CH 3
What is consciousness? Awareness of ourselves and our environment
Can we be influenced by stimuli of which we are unaware? Yes
What is priming? What are subliminal stimuli? How effective is subliminal persuasion?
Priming is when exposure
Chapter 14: Psychological Disorders
Defining Psychological Disorders ongoing patterns of thoughts, feelings,
and actions as deviant, distressful, and/or dysfunctional
i. Abnormal Psychology
ii. Distinguishing mental heal
philosophers like Aristotle, thought about the mind as well as the body
Wilhelm Wundt, conducted first true psychological experiment, graduate student, studied the
atoms of the mind by conducting experiments at Leipzig, Germany (1879), consider
2Child psych 10/3
Nativism-(Chomsky)- special innate abilities, may include language module, where
learing language is diff from other learning
-CHOMSKY on language development:
-every child born with seed language. Or certain languag