26th of July Movement- the revolutionary organization planned and led by Fidel
Castro that overthrew the Fulgencio Batista government in Cuba in 1959. The
movement fought the regime on both rural and urban fronts.
Alvaro Obregon- President of Mexico from
Chiles Experiment with Socialism
From the 1900s onward, Chile was much more stable politically and economically than
many of its neighbors.
By the 1960s, 70% of the population was urban and nearly 90% was literate.
Salvador Allende was elected in 1970. He
Problems in Modern Latin American History, 238-253
Testimony of a Guatemalan Revolutionary
She was very poor when the Guerilla Army of the Poor arrived.
They helped locals build houses and explained that they were there to help.
Her daughter and her hu
Bartolom de Las Casas, A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies
The first place that the Europeans landed was Hispanola. They exploited the
women and the children.
When the natives realized that the Europeans werent gods, they began to
The code was compiled about 1265.
It states that Judaism is problematic because they did not worship Jesus. It cites
Christian benevolence as the reason Jews have been allowed to live in Spanish
The code defines a Jew as a perso
Born in Blood an Fire, Introduction and Chapter One
Conquest and colonization created the central conflict of Latin American history.
It is difficult to boil down the history of an entire region when the countries differ
dramatically from o
Letters and People of the Spanish Indies, 14-17
European women arrived in the Spanish Indies just as the fighting was ending. They were
greeted as goddesses bringing European goods. The women who came to the Plata region
were on the very periphery. One of
Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala, The First New Chronicle and Good Government, 207219
Priests were very important in the colonial government, especially since government
officials were distant in colonial Peru. Guaman Poma charged the priests with being
Transvestite in the New World
She lived with her family until she was four. At that time, she was placed in a
convent to become a Dominican nun.
At fifteen, she got into a physical fight with a nun living in the convent.
She ran away and hid in a chest
Problems in Modern Latin America, 57-62, 72-81
The political history of postcolonial Latin American is a maze of shifting alliances
and a succession of leaders.
o The phrase caudillos refers to leaders on horseback. Many saw them as a
disruptive force. T
Ernesto Cardenal was a well-known priest and revolutionary in Nicaragua. He was a
writer, poem and scholar. He actively resisted the Somoza dictatorship. He served as
minister of culture during the Sandinista regime.
Opposition to Huerta
Carranza demands the return of the constitution of 1857.
The division of the north, led by Pacho Villa, also opposed Huerta. They championed
radical reform, especially in the arena of land reform. He funded much of his movement
Calling the Kettle Black:
Why a Groups Evaluation of the Other is a Reflection of Themselves
On the most basic factual level, what took place when the Spaniards reached the
Americas is common knowledge. Of course, it is no secr
Which factors contributed to the formation of national identity in Latin America?
Discussing positivism and scientific racism (as well as resistance to such ideologies),
how did national identity change between the immediate post-independence period and
1. Introduce the idea of Spain and Portugal as paternal figures to Latin
2. Discuss the unrest at the time of independence.
3. Introduce the US/Europes role in the events.
4. Talk about the changes in Latin America as time moved o
Part 1: Essay
To what extent did native patterns of settlement and organization determine where the
Europeans settled and what they did in the Americas? How did Portuguese settlement of
Brazil in the sixteenth century differ from Spanish settlement patter
Describe and analyze European and indigenous impressions of one another. Focus on one
of the following: physical appearance, dietary habits and daily customs, , material culture,
moral virute, religion and political/social organization. How do the ways in
Money Makes the World Go Round: An Exploration of Economics and Politics in Latin
America From 1821-1945
When the Spanish first set foot in Latin America, the sparsely populated
landscape was dotted with altepetls lacking a sen
When the people rule
He places the people at the center, sympathizing with their plight.
He frames the revolution in black and white moralistic terms.
He glorifies the Cuban people.
He strongly asserts that the revolution was not a coup.
He talks abo
Born in Blood and Fire, chapter six
I. The Great Export Boom
1. Neocolonialism was nearly half a century of economic boom that never
happened in Latin America before or since.
A. The direct beneficiaries were the landowners. Middle class city
Tpac Amaru Rebellion in Peru
This is a simple account of what occurred when Tpac revolted.
Tpac Amaru arranged to have dinner with Corregidor Arriaga hostage. He then
proceeded to execute him.
o He was given communion and allowed to do confession.
o He w