According to Piaget, babies do not use language symbolism with their 1st words since the
words stand for things that are in view at the time they are uttered. Not until the words
are used to stand for something not present, is language symbolism b
Physical Development and Health During
The First 3 Years
The 1st 3 years have the fastest growth of the whole lifetime, espec the 1st
Birthweight doubles by 5 months (7 to 15 lbs.) and triples by 1 year (22
In year 2, the ba
For 6 months, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics, all a
baby needs is breast milk or iron enriched formula. They do not need water
or juice or solid foods. At the age of 1 year, babies can drink homogenized
whole milk. They need the calorie
The UR and CR are the same response but are triggered by different stimuli.
Generally the UR is the most intense response.
Most of human emotions are produced by stimuli that have acquired
significance thr clas cond. Hearing your favorite song may stir ro
Cognitive Development During the First 3 Years
A toddler is capable of more than the physical actions of infancy. The
toddler can also perform mental actions having acquired representational and
symbolic abilities. Memory skills are e
Piaget proposed 4 universal sequences or stages of cognitive development.
Piagets 1st stage of cognitive development is the sensorimotor stage from birth to 2 years
old. In the sensorimotor stage, sensing and movements are used to make sense of the
Recent studies in infant cognitive development have shown that Piaget was right about
the sequence in which object permanence develops, but underestimated the rate of its
development. Babies have a sense of object permanence sooner than Piaget thought.
Languageis an abstract, rule-governed system of arbitrary symbols that can be
combined in countless ways to communicate information. Language does not mean the
same thing as speech.
The communication of info can take place without words. The sign language
Syntax is the organization of words into phrases and sentences to give meaning. Words
are formed into categories including nouns, verbs, adjectives etc. Different word orders
mean different things and there is a limit in the different sequencing patterns
2 of the most accomplished motor feats in the 1st year are the pincer grip
using thumb and forefinger instead of the whole hand, and walking upright
on 2 legs.
Some of the motor milestones that occur along the way are
Controlled eye mo