Spain entered the 17th century under the reign of a new king who moved away
from micromanagement of his fathers regime and more toward aristocratic rule.
Where Philip II reserved most decisions to himself, Philip III restored
The Ottoman Threat
First major challenge to Philip's monarchy after his return to Spain in 1559.
o During the transition from Charles to Philip, the naval war with the Turks
and their Barbary allies had continued.
o During this time period, the Imperial
Post-Enrique II of the Trastamaras Dynasty
After his death in 1379, many of his successors were inadequate politicians and
were often controlled by advisors and his regents.
o Good example is Juan II who ruled from 1406-1454, who was under the
Brief Overview of Spanish History prior to 1300
Start of Spanish Medieval Period
Can be precisely dated as Late April-Early May of 711
o During this time a Muslim army of 7,000 warriors under the command of
Tariq Ben Ziyad invade Southern Spain. They eve