Brief Overview of Spanish History prior to 1300
Start of Spanish Medieval Period
Can be precisely dated as Late April-Early May of 711
o During this time a Muslim army of 7,000 warriors under the command of
Tariq Ben Ziyad invade Southern Spain. They eve
Post-Enrique II of the Trastamaras Dynasty
After his death in 1379, many of his successors were inadequate politicians and
were often controlled by advisors and his regents.
o Good example is Juan II who ruled from 1406-1454, who was under the
The Ottoman Threat
First major challenge to Philip's monarchy after his return to Spain in 1559.
o During the transition from Charles to Philip, the naval war with the Turks
and their Barbary allies had continued.
o During this time period, the Imperial
Spain entered the 17th century under the reign of a new king who moved away
from micromanagement of his fathers regime and more toward aristocratic rule.
Where Philip II reserved most decisions to himself, Philip III restored