Fall 2014: Thursday 12:30PM - 03:00PM HE 200
Instructor: Joel C. Webb, [email protected] (Please put the course name in the
Office Hours: Hebert 304 Wednesday 3-4, Thursda
1. Andrea Merkels statement
2. Root it in history
3. Set in contemporary context
4. A thorough examination of the evolution of German naturalization laws from
the inception of the guest worker program in 1961 until today shows
1618-1648 - The Thirty Years War . It weakened German land and society. It didnt
involve Germany, but it happened on German land. Prussia ascended after that,
1801- Napoleon crossed the Alps, conquering Europe. His main goal was to ge
There is a tendency to use a backwards-looking approach to interpreting German history
and the catastrophes of the twenty-first century. This approach, however, does not allow
the earlier history to stand on its own. Germany was a quiet, under-de
German Jews before Jewish Emancipation
Societies can be evaluated by how they treat their minorities and how they are
Of course, it is a generalization to discuss Jews in the German lands . Still, there are
Long Term Changes to Society
Changes in transportation, the spread of information, settlement patterns, industrialization
and immigration were all key issues in the 20th century.
All of the changes that increased production slowly but surely put Germany i
Office: 215F Hebert
Class: Hebert 213
What is Germany? Where is Germany? What is the German question? Did
Germany take a special path to modernity? Why is t
Chapter 1- The Collapse
The basic question of the work is why Poland and Hungary accomplished a
negotiated an institutional compromise with the opposition, while neighboring
East Germany and Czechoslovakia experienced a non-violent r
To be German: The Conception of Belonging as Indicated by
In 2010, German Chancellor Angela Merkel bluntly declared that
multiculturalism in Germany has failed, and failed utterly.1 While her statement is
In 2010, German Chancellor Andrea Merkel bluntly declared that
multiculturalism in Germany has failed, and failed utterly. While her statement is quite
severe, she is not alone in her assessment. Germans from all factions are finally comi
Primary Document Analysis
In an effort to understand the chronological and factual elements of a given
historical event, many fall victim to simplification, viewing history as a one-dimensional
narrative. The way in which a circumstance u
The large scale of immigration of Turkish workers from the beginning of the
1960s was due both to the high population growth and mass unemployment
within Turkey and also to the demand for labor in northwest Europe.
West Germany, like other Wes
On one hand, people hailed the cultural progress. On the other, there was an air of
Between 1875 and 1910, the population more than doubled in Berlin alone. This is true of
other cities as well, although Berlin was by far the largest c
When the Nazis came to power, expansion was part of the party platform. The
international community was not okay with the rearmament of Germany. Industry leaders
and military leaders created a plan to hid the rearmament from the international
The Start of the War
While historians agree that war was not inevitable, many argue that it was in the best
interest of the Austrians to use war as politics and select the start date of the war.
Austria-Hungary was an ethnically diverse region. All of the
The Division of Families
Until the 1950s, neither country had a foreign ministry and therefore foreign affairs were
governments by the allies. Both countries were integrated into larger associations (NATO
and the Warsaw Pact respectively).
With Gorbachevs rise to power, he changed the situation in E. Germany.
He was an unlikely reformer. Most had assumed he would follow the path of earlier
leaders. Instead, he was a reformer who was critically aware of the mismanagement in the
The currency reform unified the western occupied zones and excludes the east from this uplift.
Thus, the eastern zone remained in survival mode for much longer.
This was a crucial move because it standardized the market prices and gave control back to the
Europe at the Beginning of December 1941
1939 was the beginning of WWII with the attack on Poland. After that, Germany began
preparing for a massive invasion of the east. Hitler was less concerned with Western
Europe and North Africa. He sought 'living sp
For the Germans, the war was not a war of aggression but one of defense . One issue was blown
out of proportions in order to solve a number of internal, long-term issues.
All of the war efforts were funded through speculation. All armies worked under
1. Open with Angela Merkels statement
2. Root it in history
3. Discuss the debate as it pertains to second generation Turks.
4. Outline the different headings (more detail later).
II. History of citizenship in Germany
1. In cont
The Rise of the Nazis
The Weimar Republic failed for a number of reasons. It allowed for a number of anticonstitutional parties to thrive. Already by 1930, the Weimar Republic was a dictatorship
under the vice president.
The Nazi party rose to power throu
Office Hours: T 11-12, W 2-3pm
Class: Hebert 213
Memories of Violence in 20th Century Europe
Marline Otte/History Department
Among the many instances of violent and traumatic collective experienc
This was the first bombing targeting soft targets. It was the first time in the 20th that terror
became part of warfare. Guernica had no strategic significance. It was supposed to
demoralize the Basque region.
The nature of bombing is that one do
Logavina Street: Life and Death In a Sarajevo Neighborhood
In 1991, the year that the Soviet Union broke up, a nationalist revival was
sweeping E. Europe, especially in the Social Federal Republic of Yugoslavia,
which was made up of six republics
The Roots of WWII
The Franco-Prussian War took place in 1871. It was a relatively benign war. It was an
extension of politics. Something happened between 1871 and 1939 that allowed for the
The arduous path to German unity didn't actualize until
What sets the twentieth century apart? Was it more violent than past centuries?
The emergence of nationalism- a person cannot ever change their national identity
The new notion of total war
The sheer numbers sets the century ap
Spanish Civil War
WWI brought about social and economic changes that all European countries had to deal with.
Spain was not a combatant in WWI and was widely a rural nation. It was not a place where one
would expect revolutionary change or any events that
It had always been seen as part of the spoils of war, accompanying the general brutality.
Rape during war was not considered a war crime until 1989 and 1998.
The rapes in 1945 were considered inhumane treatment, but were not categorized
There were three significant shifts in violence in the 20th century- Air warfare, rape as a
weapon of war and concentration camps.
Concentration camps did not originate with the Nazis. Internment camps existed in war
long before that. For example, the Che