10 February 2014
Public Universities Should Be Free
We spend more on incarcerating people than we do educating them! According to a report by
NPR dated January 19, 2012, Connecticut tripled spending on cor
Avoiding Flawed Logic in Arguments and Debate
a. Inductive reasoning Form of reasoning in which we come to conclusions
about the whole based on observations of particular instances. It attempts
to arrive at the truth.
b. Inductive leap reasoning from what
When Brian Sullivan was born he was a beautiful baby with ten normal toes, ten normal fingers, and a
pretty darn cute smile. Sullivan lived as a male for 18 months, with abnormal ambiguous genitalia, which
led doctors at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Cent
CMCN 202: ARGUMENTATION AND STRUCTURED DECISION-MAKING
University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Spring 2014
Masey Hammons, M.S.
Telephone: (337) 482-6090
Office: Burke-Hawthorne 249 B
He who wants to persuade should put hi
The Enlightenments of Argument and Debate Throughout History
The Enlightenment was a set of new ideas to reshape the World with reason.
Human Rights: All people have these right
Providing Support for an Argument
Rhetoric and Connecting to the Audience
Two Communication Orientations: (Basil Bernstein)
A. Person Centered: elaborate on codes that explain behavior
B. Position Centered: where norms of the culture define the situa
Proposition of Fact and Value and Policy
Responsibilities of Advocates
Proposition: Is the declarative statement that the advocate intends to support the
a. Ways to think of Propositions:
Helps to answer a question about the subject of
Presenting an Argument Orally
a. Motivated Sequence a good intro to the process of influencing an
audience. These 5 steps must be taken to motivate an audience to adopt a
policy, action, or belief.
a.i. Getting attention (attention step)
a.ii. Showing the
Introduction to Argumentation
So why the need for this course:
o Critical Thinking Skills
Use evidence and sound reasoning
Set expectations of others
o Individual Decision Making
Knowledge of our desires
Accounting for our actions/
Intro to Rhetoric in Argument and Debate
o An active Participant in democratic Process
o Capacity to act rhetorically in public sphere
o Citizens are made, not born
o The art
Defining Argumentative Terms
Definitions as Argument:
Purpose: identify exactly what is being argued.
A. Two Particular Purposes:
Functionality: Serve as claims
Methods for Defining Terms:
Dictionary Def. (Def.
Claims in an Argument
Elements that Affect Ones Claim:
I. Exigence: practical problem with the capacity to be resolved through rhetorical persuasion.
A. Rhetorical exigence: one cannot do it on their own
C. Two (2) Types of Exigence:
Choosing Fair and Precise Language
a. Emotive Language Language that expresses and arouses emotions.
b. Denotative Meaning The literal meaning of a word.
c. Connotation The meanings we attach to a word apart from its explicit
c.i. EX: Rat can
Final Project: Moot Court
Final Project Assignment
o Brief (1 per team) (150pts)
Outline of Opening Arguments / Case
Supporting Evidence Packet (parenthetically cited)
Prepared Evidence against negative (parenthetically cited)
Works Cited (