How do people find out about nutrition?
Have your friends ever recommended vitamins or supplements?
You can get a lot of infor
Lipids: a group of organic molecules, most of which do not dissolve in water. They include fatty
acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, and sterols
Triglycerides: The major form of lipid in food and in the body. They consist of three fatty
Glycolysis and Energy Breakdown
Where does glycolysis take place?
Glycolysis takes place in the cell cytoplasm.
What is substrate level phosphorylation?
o Generate some ATP via substrate level phosphorylation
o ADP + Pi = ATP
o Energy for tha
Glycemic Response on Health Research
The Glycemic Response
Definition: Effect of a food on the extent and/or duration of the rise in blood
o Measure based on the extent to which a serving of food containing 50g
Evidence Based Guidelines for Dietary Health
Importance of Screening & Early Diagnosis
American Diabetes Association
o All adults should be screened for type 2 diabetes
o Its a silent, progressive disease
Components of Diabetes Care Plan
Energy balances and obesity
1. Discuss how the incidence of obesity has changed in the U.S. and around the world.
a. United States: adults- 66% overweight/obese (32% obese), children: 16%
overweight, up from 1960- 13.4% and 1991 23%
b. Termed globesity
Diabetes Research and Health
Classification of Diabetes
o Metabolic disorder characterized by elevated levels of glucose in the blood
o Type 1 diabetes
o Type 2 diabetes
o Gestational diabetes
o Secondary diabete
Blood Glucose and Affect on Diet and Health
Proteins that facilitate movement of glucose molecules across the cell membrane.
o Some transporters are insulin sensitive (e.g. on muscle cells)
o Some are insulin insensitive (e.g. brain
Two Primary Pathways of Alcohol Metabolism
1. Alcohol dehydrogenase is further metabolized in small intestine and most alcohol will be
absorbed in small intestine
- Alc. Deh. Breaks down alcohol to produce acetaldehyde
- Most metabolic process take place