Chapter Fourteen Notes
_ is the change over time in the characteristics of a population (not individuals)
The ideas of evolution were not accepted until after _ published On the Origin of Species
_: all organisms were create
Chapter Four Notes
the 3 cell theory principles
-every living organism is made up of one or more cells
- the smalls living organisms are single cells
- all cells come from preexisting cells
cell size range
why must cell parts be cl
Chapter Three Notes
contain carbon and hydrogen
do not contain carbon
groups of atoms attached to carbon backbones; determine characteristics of different molecules
individual subunits of biol
Final Study Guide
what is the start codon for translation?
What are the 3 stop codons for translation?
UGA, UAG, UAA
what does the start codon bind to?
the anticodon UAC (it is tRNA)
what forms the pre-initiation complex?
a small ribosomal sub
Exam Three Notes
What is photosynthesis?
the process by which solar energy is trapped and stored as chemical energy in the bonds of
organic molecules such as sugar.
Where does photosynthesis take place?
in the chlorplasts
What is the epidermis?
Exam Three Notes
cell grows, replicates DNA, and often differentiates, organelles divide
three steps of interphase
G1, S, G2
cells almost always grow in size
decides to divide based on signals
Chapter Nine Notes
the aggregate mass of dispersed genetic material formed DNA and Protiens
a segment of DNA that gives rise to a functional product
organized into multiple chromosomes
Chapter Eight Notes
Where do photosynthesizers get energy from?
What is the universal energy source?
Plants or other organisms
Where do animals get their second or third hand energy from?
Regardless, the energy is converted to the
Chapter Twelve Notes
DNA contains the _ _ of every cell
_are the construction workers of the cell
_ control cell shape, function, reproduction, and synthesis of biomolecules
DNA provides instructions for prote
Chapter Five Notes
cell membrane functions
a. Selectively isolate the cells contents from the external environment
b. Regulate the exchange of essential substances between the cell and the extracellular
c. Communicate with other cells