Anglo- Saxon England- the basic traditions in England are different than
others because of Englands unique circumstances. In about 400ad, Romans
left England, and a vacuum was created. Celtics, who had been Romanized
and Christianized, in 4
The Five Wives of Henry VIII
From Anne Boleyn to Katherine Parr
Between 1536 1543 Henry goes through five wives each with their political
Henry married Anne Boleyn and supported her through extreme unpopularity.
Former queen Catherin o
Sept. 2, 2009
The Social Background
- England has basically only one ethnicity; Anglo-Saxon.
- The people are all uniform in religion. Christian (mostly Catholic).
- The major distinctions are found in the dialect, it differs from North to So
Scotland in the 16th Century
The Clan society undermined the crown and the state. The clans resist the
central power, which was easy b/c the throne was held by a child.
The great clan chieftains fought over the property of the crown and helped
The Political Reformation
1529 is the year the reformation began, partially b/c of the fall of Wolsey. It was
also the year Henry VIII called the parliament to meet and assist him in reaching
First Phase of Reformation 1529-1531
The Political Background
Henry VIIs world
Monarchy: king possesses all the power, personal loyalty to the king not the
country. King is endowed by God.
King of England, France, and Northern Ireland.
He and his successors claim to be kings of France
Sumptuary Acts passed by parliament prohibited social mobility. These restricted
clothing of the commoners. Commoners could only were common clothes. The acts also
restricted food according to social rank. The college of heralds were the record keepers
- 10 to 15,000 Nun and Monks
Men out numbered women in monasteries about 5 to 1
Easby Abbey was the typical size. House 50 to 100 monks. Monastery was
center around church/abbey surrounding buildings were dormitories and libraries.
Popular Response to the Henrician Reformation
Two main views were: Henry VIII was going too far w/his reformation. Or That
Henry was not taking the reformation far enough.
Going too far
- People worried that the destruction of the monasteries would impa
Until Henry VII the English were absent from the world of exploration. At first
England focused on Asia for exploration more than anywhere else.
Voyages to Asia were very difficult but silk and other such imports were in great
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Before the Tudors
- 1377 Edward III dies (Conquered much of France)
- His grandson Richard II is boy king. Turbulent times. He is gay.
- 1389 Richard if overthrown by cousin Henry IV (first Lancaster)
- Henry IV and V were prosperous rulers.