Achieving Goals Lecture
What is affective forecasting? What is an implementation intention and why is it
o Affective forecasting is predicting how future outcomes will make you feel.
People consistently incorrectly predict how something will make
Perception & Attention
What are the basic assumptions of Kahneman's capacity model of attention?
o Arousal affects capacity->Feedback affects arousal and the tasks which
are chosen->Relatively permanent cues which affect attention->Temporary goals which a
What is a heuristic?
o Heuristics are rules of thumb that give you the right answer most of the
o Biases are systematic tendencies toward a particular outcome in peoples
oBoth provide descriptions of how people make judgment
Helping Doctors and Patients Make Sense of Health Statistics
What is collective statistical illiteracy? (p. 54) What are the 3 main points in this
monograph? (p. 54)
o Widespread inability to understand the meaning of numbers
o (a) is common to patients,
Gaining Expertise Lecture
How long does it typically take to acquire expertise? According to Scardamalia &
Bereiter (1993), how do you become an expert versus an experienced nonexpert?
o It takes 10,000 hours of practice or about 10 years to attain high l
Emotion and Decision-Making Lecture
What are the typical characteristics of emotion? Distinguish between primary and
o Emotions are typically accompanied by physiological changes, often
involve a subjective feeling, are sometimes accom
What is the definition of a creative product? What is the difference between big
C and little c creativity?
o A creative product is novel (original) and useful (appropriate to task at
o Big C people are known for major creative w
Cognition (Memory & Thinking)
What is encoding specificity? What type of studies provides good evidence for
o Encoding specificity means that a cue will be most effective if it was
specifically encoded with the to-be-remembered informatio
Blink (Gladwell, 2005)
What was the finding of the Iowa experiment? (p.8-10) What is the adaptive
o The Iowa experiment is a gambling game involving 4 decks of cards: 2
decks of red and 2 blue. The object of the game is to turn over
Secrets of the Psychics Video
How did James Randi demonstrate to the college students that they could be
fooled by individualized horoscopes?
o The horoscopes had general situations/statements that could be true for
anyone. People were fooled by the gene