VITAL SIGNS AND MEASUREMENTS
VITAL SIGNS is also known as the Cardinal signs which means important
signs of the human body which are the following:
- these signs should be monitored properly and a
BASIC RIGHTS & LAW FOR FOREIGN
Employers Responsibility to a Live-in Employee
We strongly recommended that you sign a contract with your employee so that
everyones expectations are clearly outlined. The caregivers responsibiliti
A. Vital signs
a. a person's temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure
i. normally regulated through homeostatic mechanisms to fall within certain normal ranges
b. some people consider pain the fifth vital sign
CAREGIVING NC II
HEALTH, SOCIAL, AND OTHER COMMUNITY
DEVELOPMENT SERVICES SECTOR
Technical Education and Skills Development Authority
East Service Road, South Superhighway, Taguig, Metro Manila
Technical Education and Skills Development Act of 1994
Acute care- Health care provide for a
person who has a current problem that
is expected to be resolved within a
limited period of time.
Affected- Involved, such as the part of
the body involved with pain or disease.
Alignment- Arrangement of posi
BATHING AN ADULT
It is a daily bath to a patient in bed.
1. To cleanse and refresh the patient.
2. To stimulate circulation.
3. To give the nurse an opportunity to observe the condition of the patient.
4. To assess the patients menta
ASSESSING VITAL SIGNS
Also known as Cardinal Signs
Includes (1) TEMPERATURE, (2) PULSE, (3) RESPIRATION, and (4) BLOOD PRESSURE &
recently PAIN as the 5th V/S in some facilities
A persons physiologic status is reflected by these indica
The provision of therapeutic oxygen
is required whenever hypoxemia
occurs, i. e. reduced O2 in the blood
Sources of oxygen:
1. Wall outlet
2. Portable cylinders or tanks
Parts of the Oxygen Tank:
Regulator use to release O2 safely
HOME MANAGEMENT- is the maintenance of the house which covers all domestic tasks such
The up keeping of order and cleanliness in all areas inside & out
installation and replenishment of house amenities
cleaning , washing, ironing, a
CHILD CARE AND CHILD PSYCHOLOGY
Babysitters Training Course
The Canada Safety Council has been a leader in babysitter training
since1970. The babysitters Training course is the oldest and most recognized
course in Canada. Over half a million youn
ELDERLY AND GERIATRIC CARE
Helping someone through the final stage of life
One of the hardest parts of caring for someone in their twilight years is that they of often
want to talk about life. This is an important part of life. People want to ass
1. Disability Inability or limitation in performing task, activities, and role to
levels expected within physical and social aspects.
- Inability to perform an activity that a normal person can do.
E.g. a blind perso
Justin had an automobile accident in 2004 that resulted in a traumatic brain injury.
~So, his mom, Tracy, started a non-profit program called Totes of Comfort & Hope that
provides the families of patients with brain injuries with it
ADMINISTERING ORAL & TOPICAL MEDICATIONS
To prepare and administer oral medication safely to patient and to know the
meanings of common abbreviation being used, as well as to correctly interpret medication orders
that include abbreviat
To administer tube feeding, using water and the appropriate
formula in the proper amounts, using safe technique.
USE OF THIS SKILL
The purpose of tube feeding is to enhance the nutritional status of
patients who are unable to take f
MODULE # 11
INTAKE AND OUTPUT MEASUREMENT
To be able to measure correctly and keep accurate records of patients fluid intake and output.
THE USE OF THIS SKILL
Many illnesses cause changes in the bodys ability to maintain fluid balance. Intake ca
MODULE # 10
To provide patient with opportunities for hygiene according to their needs and conditions
USE OF THIS SKILL
Hospitalized, disabled and sick patients have at least as many needs for hygiene measures
in their daily lives as you
MEDICAL AND SURGICAL ASEPSIS, STERILIZATION AND DISINFECTION
1. Antiseptic A substance usually intended for use on persons that inhibits the
growth of pathogens but does not necessarily destroy them.
2. Asepsis The absence of disease
MODULE # 7
MOVING AND POSITIONING PATIENT IN BED
To move patients in bed using good body mechanics. To place patients in position that
are anatomically correct as well as comfortable. To place in the special positions required for
MODULE # 6
To make beds correctly for hospitalized patients and for better home rest and comfort.
To state and understand the principles of medical asepsis and body mechanics related to
To identify the type to be made f
The need for food and water is a basic physical need that is necessary for life and
health. The amount and quality of foods and fluids in the diet are important. They influence a
persons current and future physical and psychol
ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF THE HUMAN BODY
ANATOMY is the science that deals with the study of the different structure, the human
PHYSIOLOGY is the science that deals with the study of the function of the different
parts of the human body.
THE BODY SY
MODULE # 15
To prepare and administer subcutaneous, intramuscular, and intradermal medications safely to patient.
USE OF THIS SKILL
The safe preparation and administration of subcutaneous, intramuscular and intradermal medicatio
Respond to emergency
1. Describe and explain the importance of an emergency plan.
2. Describe and explain the principles of environmental, fire, and medical emergency
3. Identify and explain safety techniques for direct care worker
Respond Effectively to Difficulty
1. Describe the grieving process.
2. Describe the dying process.
3. Identify and explain emotional issues and coping strategies.
4. Explain the impact of culture and religion on end-of-life issues.
The Grief a
NUTRITION & FOOD PREPARATION
Prepare hot and cold meals
1. Describe and explain basic concepts of nutrition and hydration.
2. Explain the importance of observing consumer rights in regard to food preferences.
3. Describe basic principles of me
Practice Career Professionalism
1. Describe and explain legal and ethical issues.
2. Describe guidelines for avoiding legal action and list methods for protecting consumer
3. Identify, describe, and differentiate cases of abuse, neglec
Participate in Workplace Communication
1. Describe and explain the communication process.
2. Explain the importance of non-verbal language.
3. Identify different communication styles and explain the importance of assertive
Maintain High Standard of Patient Services
1. Describe what direct care workers (DCWs) do and where they may work.
2. List five or more job titles used for direct care workers to differentiate among the various
direct care workers.
Maintain healthy and safe environment
Clean living room, dining room, bedrooms, toilet and bathroom
Wash and iron clothes, linen and fabric
Explain the relevance of the care or support plan for home maintenance.
1. Describe the importance of c