1. p. 86. ISBN
2. ^ Randall, Colin (25 October
2004). "France looks to the law to save
the language of Molire". The Daily
Telegraph. London. Retrieved22
3. ^ (French) Le symbolisme franais
4. ^ a b "Victor Hugo 18021885".
the Painted churches of Northern Moldavia, and the Wooden churches of Maramure. Other
attractions include the Danube Delta, and the
Ethnic map of Romania based on 2011 census data.
According to the 2011 census, Romania's population is 20,121,641.
, while football in Afghanistan is governed by the Afghanistan
Football Federation. The national team has never competed or
qualified for the FIFA World Cup, but has recently won an
international football trophy in 2013. The country also has a
Kandahar to Kabul in 1776.
an uprising, the 1842 retreat from Kabul of British-Indian forces,
and the Battle of Kabul that led to its recapture, the British
placed Dost Mohammad Khan back into power and withdrew their
military forces from Afghanistan. In
exchange rate of about 47 Afghanis to 1 US dollar. Since 2003,
over 16 new banks have opened in the country,
includingAfghanistan International Bank, Kabul Bank, Azizi
Bank, Pashtany Bank, Standard Chartered Bank, and First Micro
One of the
Jalalabad basin in the east, and the Turkestan plains along
the Amu River in the north, where temperatures average over
35 C (95 F) in July.
Landscapes of Afghanistan, from left to right: 1. Band-e Amir
National Park; 2. Salang Pass inParwan Province; 3.
had been a domestic war in Afghanistan. The PDPA
prohibited usury, declared equality of the sexes, and introduced
women to political life.
The United States had been supporting anti-Soviet
force. The Taliban first took control of southern
for the increased attacks. The U.S. government spent tens of
billions of dollars on development aid over 15 years and over a
trillion dollars on military expenses during the same period.
Corruption by Western defense and development contractors an
overwhelming majority of the population identify themselves as Christians. At the country's 2011
census, 81.0% of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians belonging to the Romanian Orthodox
Church. Other denominations include Protestantism (6.2%),Rom
united in April 1992, except for the Pakistani supported Hezb-e
Islami of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar. Hekmatyar started a
bombardment campaign against the capital city Kabul, which
marked the beginning of a new phase in the war.
Saudi Arabia and Iran support
Farhad Darya performing at theSerena Hotel in Kabul.
The Afghan mass media began in the early 20th century, with the
first newspaper published in 1906. By the 1920s, Radio
Kabul was broadcasting local radio services. Afghanistan National
Television was la
The Afghan culture has been around for over two millennia,
tracing back to at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire in 500
BCE. It is mostly anomadic and tribal society, with different
regions of the country having their own traditions, reflec
President Hamid Karzai was formed, theInternational Security
Assistance Force (ISAF) was established by the UN Security
Council to help assist the Karzai administration and provide basic
security. Taliban forces also began regrouping inside
1. Pashto and Dari are the official
languages of the state.
2. Jump up^ Dictionary.com. The American
Heritage Dictionary of the English
Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton
2004.Reference.com (Retrieved 13
National Military Academy of Afghanistan.
Main articles: Crime in Afghanistan, Law enforcement in
Afghanistan, and Alcohol in Afghanistan
Afghan National Police (ANP) inKunar Province
The National Directorate of Security (
house arrest, prohibiting them on pain of physical punishment
from showing their faces, seeking medical care without a male
escort, or attending school."
After the fall of Kabul to the Taliban, Massoud and Dostum formed
the Northern Alliance. The Tali
successor state of
for the Afghan Armed Forces, including the
created two anti-corruption units within the Interior Ministry.
Former Interior Minister Hanif Atmar said that security officials
from the US (FBI), Britain (Scotland Yard), and the Europ
1. from the original on 2010-03-06.
Retrieved 6 April 2010.
2. Jump up^ "General Assembly Fifty-fifth
session 94th plenary meeting Friday, 9
March 2001, 10 a.m. New York" (PDF).
United Nations General Assembly. 9
March 2001. Archived from the original
ities in Central and Western Europe, North America and Oceania.
Main articles: List of cities and towns in Romania and Metropolitan Areas in Romania
Although 54.0% of the population lived in 2011 in urban areas, this percentage has b
From left to right: Abdullah Abdullah,John Kerry and Ashraf
Ghani during the2014 presidential election
The 2004 Afghan presidential election was relatively peaceful, in
which Hamid Karzai won in the first round with 55.4% of the
votes. However, the 2009 p
the Seleucid Empire controlled the region until 305 BCE, when
they gave much of it to the Maurya Empire as part of an alliance
treaty. The Mauryans controlled the area south of the Hindu
Kush until they were overthrown in about 185 BCE. Their decline
Public lending libraries
Main article: Public library
Raczyski Library, the public library of Pozna, Poland
A public library provides services to the general public. If the library is part of a countywide library
system, citizens with an active libr
the aim of providing a world-class, English-language, coeducational learning environment in Afghanistan. The capital of
Kabul serves as the learning center of Afghanistan, with many of
the best educational institutions being based there. Major
overnment started programs to help reduce poppy cultivation, and
by 2010 it was reported that 24 out of the 34 provinces were free
from poppy growing. In June 2012, India advocated for private
investments in the resource rich country and the creation of a
Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brncui at Trgu Jiu.
In 2014, Romania had 32,500 companies which were a
During the 1990s and 2000s, the development of research was
hampered by several factors, including corruption, low funding
and a considera
either in its current cultures or in the form of various languages
and monuments. However, many of its historic monuments have
been damaged in recent wars. The two famous Buddhas of
Bamiyan were destroyed by the Taliban, who regarded them
). "Debussy's 'La Mer' Marks 100th Birthday". NPR.
Retrieved 22 July 2011.
1. ^ "Debussy's Musical Game of
Deception". NPR. 12 July 2008.
Retrieved 22 July 2011.
2. ^ "Biography of Claude Debussy".
Classicfm.co.uk. Retrieved22 July 2011.
3. ^ "Biography o
The nation has a complex history that has survived
, Khuda Gawah, Escape from Taliban, and Kabul Express have
been shot inside Afghanistan.
The Afghanistan national football team (in red uniforms) before its
first win over India (in blue) during th
1. Turkmani, Baluchi, Pashai, Nuristani,
Pamiri (alsana), Arab and other
languages spoken in the country,
2. ). United Nations Development
Programme. 14 December 2015. p. 18.
Retrieved14 December 2015.
3. ^ Jump up to:a b * "U.S. maps".