Biography: H.P. Lovecraft

Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937), known as H. P. Lovecraft, was an American author who achieved posthumous fame through his influential works of horror fiction. Virtually unknown and only published in pulp magazines before he died in poverty, he is now regarded as one of the most significant 20th-century authors in his genre.

Although he seems to have had some social life, attending meetings of a club for local young men, Lovecraft, in early adulthood, was established in a reclusive "nightbird" lifestyle without occupation or pursuit of romantic adventures. In 1913 his conduct of a long running controversy in the letters page of a story magazine led to his being invited to participate in an amateur journalism association. Encouraged, he started circulating his stories; he was 31 at the time of his first publication in a professional magazine. Lovecraft contracted a marriage to an older woman he had met at an association conference. By age 34, he was a regular contributor to the newly founded Weird Tales magazine; he turned down an offer of the editorship.

Lovecraft returned to Providence from New York in 1926 and, over the next nine months, he produced some of his most celebrated tales, including "The Call of Cthulhu," canonical to the Cthulhu Mythos. Never able to support himself from earnings as author and editor, Lovecraft saw commercial success increasingly elude him in this latter period, partly because he lacked the confidence and drive to promote himself. He subsisted in progressively straitened circumstances in his last years; an inheritance was completely spent by the time he died at the age of 46.

H. P. Lovecraft
Black and white photo of Lovecraft.  He has a stern expression as he stares into the camera.  He wears a dark suit and is standing against a plain white background.
Lovecraft in 1934
Born Howard Phillips Lovecraft

August 20, 1890

Providence, Rhode Island, USA
Died March 15, 1937 (aged 46)

Providence, Rhode Island
Resting place Swan Point Cemetery, Providence, Rhode Island
Pen name Lewis Theobald

Humphrey Littlewit

Ward Phillips

Edward Softly
Occupation Short-story writer, editor, novelist, poet
Period 1917–1937
Genre Dark, Fantasy, Gothic, Horror, Science fiction, Weird
Literary movement Cosmicism
Notable works
  • "The Call of Cthulhu"
  • The Shadow Out of Time
  • At the Mountains of Madness

Spouse Sonia Greene (1924–1926)


View H. P. Lovecraft’s full biography on Wikipedia.

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