Study Guide: Mitosis

Study Questions

Objective: Illustrate the process of asexual reproduction in eukaryotic cells.

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Vocabulary

  1. Chromosome
  2. Chromatin
  3. Haploid
  4. Diploid
  5. Homologous chromosome
  6. Sister chromatid
  7. Cytokinesis
  8. Somatic cell
  9. Gamete
  10. Karyotype


Study Guide Questions

  1. Generally compare and contrast mitosis and meiosis.
  2. Carefully compare and contrast chromosomes and chromatin.
  3. Explain the advantages/disadvantages of DNA in chromatin form, vs. chromosome form.  Relate your response to the stages in the cell cycle when DNA is found in each form.
  4. What are homologous chromosomes?
  5. Define HAPLOID and DIPLOID.
  6. How many chromosomes do humans have?
  7. Where did your chromosomes come from?
  8. Be able to label all stages in the cell cycle.  Also be able to say exactly WHAT is happening during each stage.
  9. What is the purpose of “checkpoints” during interphase?
  10. What is a centriole?
  11. Be able to describe what is happening in a cell during EACH stage in mitosis.
  12. Be able to determine the number of chromosomes AND the amount of DNA in a cell during each stage of the cell cycle.
  13. Given any diagram or picture of a cell in a phase of mitosis, be able to identify the phase.
  14. Distinguish between cytokinesis in an animal cell and a plant cell.


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