Study Guide: Protein Synthesis

Study Questions

Objective: Illustrate the molecular processes described in the central dogma.

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  1. Transcription
  2. Translation
  3. Intron
  4. Exon
  5. Codon
  6. Anticodon

Study Guide Questions

  1. What is the central dogma of biology?
  2. Compare and contrast mRNA, rRNA, and tRNA.
  3. What is DNA polymerase?  What is RNA polymerase?
  4. How are mRNA transcripts modified before they exit the nucleus?
  5. Compare and contrast transcription and DNA replication.
  6. Compare and contrast transcription and translation.
  7. Compare and contrast mRNA, rRNA, and tRNA.
  8. Compare and contrast introns and exons.
  9. What is a codon?  Compare this to an anticodon.
  10. Be able to use an amino acid/mRNA codon chart.
  11. Given a DNA template, be able to determine the mRNA base sequence, the tRNA anticodons, and the amino acids coded for (like in activity!)
  12. Know the structure of the ribosome.
  13. Know the significance of the E site, the P site and the A site in the ribosome.
  14. Know the structure of a tRNA molecule.

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