Standard Electrode (Half-Cell) Potentials

Half-Reaction E° (V)
Ag+ + e  Ag{\text{Ag}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }\rightarrow\text{ Ag}
+0.7996
AgCl + e  Ag + Cl{\text{AgCl + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Ag + Cl}}^{-}
+0.22233
[Ag(CN)2] + e  Ag + 2CN{\left[\text{Ag}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{\text{2}}\right]}^{-}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ag +}{\text{ 2CN}}^{-}
–0.31
Ag2CrO4+2e  2Ag + CrO42{\text{Ag}}_{\text{2}}{\text{CrO}}_{\text{4}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 2Ag + CrO}}_{\text{4}}{}^{2-}
+0.45
[Ag(NH3)2]+ + e  Ag + 2NH3{\left[\text{Ag}{\left({\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\right)}_{\text{2}}\right]}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Ag + 2NH}}_{\text{3}}
+0.373
[Ag(S2O3)2]3+ + e  Ag + 2S2O32{\left[\text{Ag}{\left({\text{S}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}\right)}_{\text{2}}\right]}^{3+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Ag + 2S}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O}}_{\text{3}}{}^{2-}
+0.017
[AlF6]3+3e  Al + 6F{\left[{\text{AlF}}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{3-}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Al + 6F}}^{-}
–2.07
Al3++3e  Al{\text{Al}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Al}
–1.662
Am3++3e  Am{\text{Am}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Am}
–2.048
Au3++3e  Au{\text{Au}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Au}
+1.498
Au+ + e  Au{\text{Au}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Au}
+1.692
Ba++2e  Ba{\text{Ba}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ba}
–2.912
Be++2e  Be{\text{Be}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Be}
–1.847
Br2(aq)+2e  2Br{\text{Br}}_{\text{2}}\left(aq\right){+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 2Br}}^{-}
+1.0873
Ca++2e  Ca{\text{Ca}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ca}
–2.868
Ce3+3e  Ce{\text{Ce}}^{\text{3}}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ce}
–2.483
Ce4+ + e  Ce3+{\text{Ce}}^{\text{4+}}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Ce}}^{3+}
+1.61
Cd++2e  Cd{\text{Cd}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Cd}
–0.4030
[Cd(CN)4]2+2e  Cd + 4CN{\left[\text{Cd}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cd + 4CN}}^{-}
–1.09
[Cd(NH3)4]++2e  Cd + 4NH3{\left[\text{Cd}{\left({\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\right)}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cd + 4NH}}_{\text{3}}
–0.61
CdS + 2e  Cd + S2{\text{CdS + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Cd + }{\text{S}}^{2-}
–1.17
Cl2+2e  2Cl{\text{Cl}}_{\text{2}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 2Cl}}^{-}
+1.35827
ClO4 + H2O + 2e  ClO3 + 2OH{\text{ClO}}_{4}{}^{-}{\text{ + H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ ClO}}_{\text{3}}^{-}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
+0.36
ClO3 + H2O + 2e  ClO2 + 2OH{\text{ClO}}_{3}{}^{-}{\text{ + H}}_{\text{2}}\text{O +}{\text{ 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ ClO}}_{\text{2}}^{-}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
+0.33
ClO2 + H2O + 2e ClO + 2OH{\text{ClO}}_{2}{}^{-}{\text{ + H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 2e}}^{-}{\rightarrow}{\text{ ClO}}^{-}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
+0.66
ClO + H2O + 2e  Cl + 2OH{\text{ClO}}^{-}{\text{ + H}}_{\text{2}}\text{O +}{\text{ 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cl}}^{-}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
+0.89
ClO4+2H++2e ClO3 + H2O{\text{ClO}}_{4}{}^{-}+2{\text{H}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}{\rightarrow}{\text{ ClO}}_{\text{3}}^{-}{\text{ + H}}_{\text{2}}\text{O}
+1.189
ClO3+3H++2e  HClO2 + H2O{\text{ClO}}_{3}{}^{-}+3{\text{H}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ HClO}}_{\text{2}}\text{ +}{\text{ H}}_{\text{2}}\text{O}
+1.21
HClO+H++2eCl+H2O\text{HClO}+{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{Cl}}^{-}+{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.482
HClO+H++e12Cl2+H2O\text{HClO}+{\text{H}}^{+}+{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow\frac{1}{2}{\text{Cl}}_{2}+{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.611
HClO2+2H++2eHClO+H2O{\text{HClO}}_{\text{2}}+2{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow\text{HClO}+{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.628
Co3+ + e  Co+ (2 mol // H2SO4){\text{Co}}^{3+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Co}}^{+}\text{ }\left({\text{2 mol // H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{SO}}_{\text{4}}\right)
+1.83
Co++2e  Co{\text{Co}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Co}
–0.28
[Co(NH3)6]3+ + e  [Co(NH3)6]+{\left[\text{Co}{\left({\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\right)}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{3+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ }{\left[\text{Co}{\left({\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\right)}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{+}
+0.1
Co(OH)3 + e  Co(OH)2 + OH\text{Co}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{3}}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Co}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + OH}}^{-}
+0.17
Cr3+3e  Cr{\text{Cr}}^{\text{3}}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Cr}
–0.744
Cr3+ + e  Cr+{\text{Cr}}^{3+}\text{ + }{\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cr}}^{+}
–0.407
Cr++2e  Cr{\text{Cr}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Cr}
–0.913
[Cu(CN)2] + e Cu + 2CN{\left[\text{Cu}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{\text{2}}\right]}^{-}{\text{ + e}}^{-}{\rightarrow}\text{ Cu +}{\text{ 2CN}}^{-}
–0.43
CrO42 + 4H2O + 3e  Cr(OH)3 + 5OH{\text{CrO}}_{4}{}^{2-}{\text{ + 4H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 3e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cr(OH)}}_{\text{3}}{\text{ + 5OH}}^{-}
–0.13
Cr2O72+14H++6e2Cr3++7H2O{\text{Cr}}_{2}{\text{O}}_{7}{}^{2-}+14{\text{H}}^{+}+6{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow 2{\text{Cr}}^{3+}+7{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.232
[Cr(OH)4]+3e  Cr + 4OH{\left[\text{Cr}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{-}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cr + 4OH}}^{-}
–1.2
Cr(OH)3+3e  Cr + 3OH\text{Cr}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{3}}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cr + 3OH}}^{-}
–1.48
Cu+ + e  Cu+{\text{Cu}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Cu}}^{+}
+0.153
Cu++2e  Cu{\text{Cu}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Cu}
+0.34
Cu+ + e  Cu{\text{Cu}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Cu}
+0.521
F2+2e  2F{\text{F}}_{\text{2}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 2F}}^{-}
+2.866
Fe++2e  Fe{\text{Fe}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Fe}
–0.447
Fe3+ + e  Fe+{\text{Fe}}^{3+}\text{ +}{\text{ e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Fe}}^{+}
+0.771
[Fe(CN)6]3-  + e  [Fe(CN)6]4-{\left[\text{Fe}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{\text{3- }}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ }{\left[\text{Fe}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{\text{4-}}
+0.36
Fe(OH)2+2e  Fe + 2OH\text{Fe}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{2}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Fe + 2OH}}^{-}
–0.88
FeS + 2e  Fe + S2{\text{FeS + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Fe + S}}^{2-}
–1.01
Ga3++3e  Ga{\text{Ga}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ga}
–0.549
Gd3++3e  Gd{\text{Gd}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Gd}
–2.279
12H2 + e  H\frac{\text{1}}{\text{2}}{\text{H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ H}}^{-}
–2.23
2H2O + 2e  H2 + 2OH{\text{2H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
–0.8277
H2O2+2H++2e2H2O{\text{H}}_{2}{\text{O}}_{2}+2{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow 2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.776
2H++2eH22{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{H}}_{2}
0.00
HO2 + H2O + 2e  3OH{\text{HO}}_{2}{}^{-}{\text{ + H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 3OH}}^{-}
+0.878
Hf4++4e  Hf{\text{Hf}}^{\text{4+}}{+4\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Hf}
–1.55
Hg++2e  Hg{\text{Hg}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Hg}
+0.851
2Hg++2e  Hg2+{\text{2Hg}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Hg}}_{\text{2}}^{+}
+0.92
Hg2++2e  2Hg{\text{Hg}}_{2}{}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ 2Hg}
+0.7973
[HgBr4]2+2e  Hg + 4Br{\left[{\text{HgBr}}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Hg + 4Br}}^{-}
+0.21
Hg2Cl2+2e  2Hg + 2Cl{\text{Hg}}_{\text{2}}{\text{Cl}}_{\text{2}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 2Hg + 2Cl}}^{-}
+0.26808
[Hg(CN)4]2+2e  Hg + 4CN{\left[\text{Hg}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Hg + 4CN}}^{-}
–0.37
[HgI4]2+2e Hg + 4I{\left[{\text{HgI}}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}{\rightarrow}\text{ Hg + }{\text{4I}}^{-}
–0.04
HgS + 2e  Hg + S2{\text{HgS + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Hg + S}}^{2-}
–0.70
I2+2e  2I{\text{I}}_{\text{2}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 2I}}^{-}
+0.5355
In3++3e  In{\text{In}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ In}
–0.3382
K+ + e  K{\text{K}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ K}
–2.931
La3++3e  La{\text{La}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ La}
–2.52
Li+ + e  Li{\text{Li}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Li}
–3.04
Lu3++3e  Lu{\text{Lu}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Lu}
–2.28
Mg++2e  Mg{\text{Mg}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Mg}
–2.372
Mn++2e  Mn{\text{Mn}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Mn}
–1.185
MnO2 + 2H2O + 2e  Mn(OH)2 + 2OH{\text{MnO}}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + 2H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Mn}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
–0.05
MnO4 + 2H2O + 3e  MnO2 + 4OH{\text{MnO}}_{4}{}^{-}{\text{ + 2H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 3e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ MnO}}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + 4OH}}^{-}
+0.558
MnO2+4H++2eMn2++2H2O{\text{MnO}}_{2}+4{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{Mn}}^{2+}+2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.23
MnO4+8H++5eMn2++4H2O{\text{MnO}}_{4}{}^{-}+8{\text{H}}^{+}+5{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{Mn}}^{2+}+4{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.507
Na+ + e  Na{\text{Na}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Na}
–2.71
Nd3++3e  Nd{\text{Nd}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Nd}
–2.323
Ni++2e  Ni{\text{Ni}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ni}
–0.257
[Ni(NH3)6]++2e  Ni + 6NH3{\left[\text{Ni}{\left({\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\right)}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Ni + 6NH}}_{\text{3}}
–0.49
NiO2+4H++2eNi2++2H2O{\text{NiO}}_{2}+4{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{Ni}}^{2+}+2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.593
NiO2 + 2H2O + 2e  Ni(OH)2 + 2OH{\text{NiO}}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + 2H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ni}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
+0.49
NiS + 2e  Ni + S2{\text{NiS + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Ni + S}}^{2-}
+0.76
NO3+4H++3eNO+2H2O{\text{NO}}_{3}{}^{-}+4{\text{H}}^{+}+3{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow\text{NO}+2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+0.957
NO3+3H++2eHNO2+H2O{\text{NO}}_{3}{}^{-}+3{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{HNO}}_{\text{2}}+{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+0.92
NO3 + H2O + 2e  NO2 + 2OH{\text{NO}}_{3}{}^{-}{\text{ + H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ NO}}_{\text{2}}^{-}{\text{ + 2OH}}^{-}
+0.10
Np3+3e  Np{\text{Np}}^{\text{3}}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Np}
–1.856
O2 + 2H2O + 4e  4OH{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}{\text{ + 2H}}_{\text{2}}\text{O + }{\text{4e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ 4OH}}^{-}
+0.401
O2+2H++2eH2O2{\text{O}}_{2}+2{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{H}}_{2}{\text{O}}_{2}
+0.695
O2+4H++4e2H2O{\text{O}}_{2}+4{\text{H}}^{+}+4{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow 2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.229
Pb++2e  Pb{\text{Pb}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Pb}
–0.1262
PbO2+SO42+4H++2ePbSO4+2H2O{\text{PbO}}_{2}+{\text{SO}}_{4}{}^{2-}+4{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{PbSO}}_{4}+2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+1.69
PbS + 2e  Pb + S2{\text{PbS + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Pb +}{\text{ S}}^{2-}
–0.95
PbSO4 + 2e Pb + SO42{\text{PbSO}}_{\text{4}}\text{ +}{\text{ 2e}}^{-}{\rightarrow}{\text{ Pb + SO}}_{\text{4}}^{2-}
–0.3505
Pd++2e  Pd{\text{Pd}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Pd}
+0.987
[PdCl4]2+2e Pd + 4Cl{\left[{\text{PdCl}}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}{\rightarrow}\text{ Pd +}{\text{ 4Cl}}^{-}
+0.591
Pt+ + 2e  Pt {\text{Pt}}^{+}\text{ +}{\text{ 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Pt }
+1.20
[PtBr4]2+2e  Pt + 4Br{\left[{\text{PtBr}}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Pt + 4Br}}^{-}
+0.58
[PtCl4]2+2e  Pt + 4Cl{\left[{\text{PtCl}}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Pt + 4Cl}}^{-}
+0.755
[PtCl6]2+2e  [PtCl4]2 + 2Cl{\left[{\text{PtCl}}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ }{\left[{\text{PtCl}}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{\text{ + 2Cl}}^{-}
+0.68
Pu3+3e  Pu{\text{Pu}}^{\text{3}}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Pu}
–2.03
Ra++2e  Ra{\text{Ra}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ra}
–2.92
Rb+ + e  Rb{\text{Rb}}^{+}{\text{ + e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Rb}
–2.98
[RhCl6]3+3e  Rh + 6Cl{\left[{\text{RhCl}}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{3-}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Rh + 6Cl}}^{-}
+0.44
S + 2e  S2{\text{S + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ S}}^{2-}
–0.47627
S+2H++2eH2S\text{S}+2{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{H}}_{2}\text{S}
+0.142
Sc3++3e  Sc{\text{Sc}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Sc}
–2.09
Se+2H++2eH2Se\text{Se}+2{\text{H}}^{+}+2{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow{\text{H}}_{2}\text{Se}
–0.399
[SiF6]2+4e  Si + 6F{\left[{\text{SiF}}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{2-}{+4\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Si + 6F}}^{-}
–1.2
SiO32 + 3H2O + 4e Si + 6OH{\text{SiO}}_{3}{}^{2-}\text{ +}{\text{ 3H}}_{\text{2}}{\text{O + 4e}}^{-}{\rightarrow}{\text{ Si + 6OH}}^{-}
–1.697
SiO2+4H++4eSi+2H2O{\text{SiO}}_{2}+4{\text{H}}^{+}+4{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow\text{Si}+2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
–0.86
Sm3++3e  Sm{\text{Sm}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Sm}
–2.304
Sn4++2e  Sn+{\text{Sn}}^{\text{4+}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Sn}}^{+}
+0.151
Sn++2e  Sn{\text{Sn}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Sn}
–0.1375
[SnF6]2+4e  Sn + 6F{\left[{\text{SnF}}_{\text{6}}\right]}^{2-}{+4\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Sn + 6F}}^{-}
–0.25
SnS + 2e  Sn + S2{\text{SnS + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Sn + S}}^{2-}
–0.94
Sr++2e  Sr{\text{Sr}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Sr}
–2.89
TeO2+4H++4eTe+2H2O{\text{TeO}}_{2}+4{\text{H}}^{+}+4{\text{e}}^{-}\rightarrow\text{Te}+2{\text{H}}_{2}\text{O}
+0.593
Th4++4e  Th{\text{Th}}^{\text{4+}}{+4\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Th}
–1.90
Ti++2e  Ti{\text{Ti}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Ti}
–1.630
U3++3e  U{\text{U}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ U}
–1.79
V++2e  V {\text{V}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ V }
–1.19
Y3++3e  Y{\text{Y}}^{3+}{+3\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Y}
–2.37
Zn++2e  Zn{\text{Zn}}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Zn}
–0.7618
[Zn(CN)4]2+2e  Zn + 4CN{\left[\text{Zn}{\left(\text{CN}\right)}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{2-}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Zn + 4CN}}^{-}
–1.26
[Zn(NH3)4]++2e  Zn + 4NH3{\left[\text{Zn}{\left({\text{NH}}_{\text{3}}\right)}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{+}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Zn + 4NH}}_{\text{3}}
–1.04
Zn(OH)2+2e  Zn + 2OH\text{Zn}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{2}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Zn + 2OH}}^{-}
–1.245
[Zn(OH)4]2+2e  Zn + 4OH{\left[\text{Zn}{\left(\text{OH}\right)}_{\text{4}}\right]}^{\text{2}}{+2\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}{\text{ Zn + 4OH}}^{-}
–1.199
ZnS + 2e  Zn + S2{\text{ZnS + 2e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Zn + }{\text{S}}^{2-}
–1.40
Zr4+4e  Zr{\text{Zr}}^{\text{4}}{+4\text{e}}^{-}\text{ }{\rightarrow}\text{ Zr}
–1.539

Licenses and Attributions

More Study Resources for You

Show More