By the end of this section, you will be able to:
- Explain why students need adequate sleep to succeed in college.
- Determine how much sleep you need.
- Change your habits and routines to ensure you get the sleep you need.
Like good nutrition and exercise, adequate sleep is crucial for wellness and success. Sleep is particularly important for students because there are so many time pressures that most college students have difficulty getting enough rest. Sleep is critical for concentrating well, so it's important to take steps to ensure you get the rest you need.
The Importance of a Good Night’s Sleep
A healthy amount of sleep has the following benefits:
- Improves your mood during the day
- Improves your memory and learning abilities
- Gives you more energy
- Strengthens your immune system
- Promotes wellness of body, mind, and spirit
In contrast, not getting enough sleep over time can lead to a wide range of health issues and student problems. Sleep deprivation
can have the following consequences:
- Affects mental health and contributes to stress and feelings of anxiety, depression, and general unhappiness
- Causes sleepiness, difficulty paying attention in class, and ineffective studying
- Weakens the immune system, making it more likely to catch colds and other infections
- Increases the risk of accidents (such as while driving)
- Contributes to weight gain
How Much Sleep Is Enough?
College students are the most sleep-deprived population group in the country. With so much to do, who has time for sleep?
Most people need seven to nine hours of sleep a night, and the average is around eight. Some say they need much less than that, but often their behavior during the day shows they are actually sleep deprived. Some genuinely need only about six hours a night. New research indicates there may be a sleep gene that determines how much sleep a person needs. How much sleep do you actually need?
There is no simple answer, in part because the quality of sleep is just as important as the number of hours a person sleeps. Sleeping fitfully for nine hours and waking during the night is usually worse than seven or eight hours of good sleep, so you can’t simply count the hours.
Answer yes or no to the following questions:
_____ Do you usually feel rested and alert all day long?
_____ Do you rise from bed easily in the morning without struggling with the alarm clock?
_____ Do you have no trouble paying attention to your instructors and never feel sleepy in a lecture class?
_____ Are you not continually driven to drink more coffee or caffeine-heavy “power drinks” to stay attentive?
_____ Are you able to get through work without feeling exhausted?
If you answered yes to all of these, you are likely in that 10 percent to 15 percent of college students who consistently get enough sleep.
How to Get More and Better Sleep
Schedule at least eight hours for sleeping every night. If you still don’t feel alert and energetic during the day, try increasing this to nine hours. Keep a sleep journal, and within a couple weeks you’ll know how much sleep you need and will be on the road to making new habits to ensure you get it.
Myths about Sleep
- Having a drink or two helps me get to sleep better. False: Although you may seem to fall asleep more quickly, alcohol makes sleep less restful, and you’re more likely to awake in the night.
- Exercise before bedtime is good for sleeping. False: Exercise wakes up your body, and it may be some time before you unwind and relax. Exercise earlier in the day, however, is beneficial for sleep.
- It helps to fall asleep after watching television or surfing the Internet in bed. False: Rather than helping you unwind, these activities can engage your mind and make it more difficult to get to sleep.
Tips for Success: Sleep
- Avoid nicotine, which can keep you awake.
- Avoid caffeine for six to eight hours before bed. Caffeine remains in the body for three to five hours on the average, much longer for some people.
- Don’t eat in the two to three hours before bed, and avoid alcohol before bedtime.
- Don’t nap during the day. Napping is the least productive form of rest and often makes you less alert. It may also prevent you from getting a good night’s sleep.
- Exercise earlier in the day (at least several hours before bedtime).
- Try to get to bed and wake about the same time every day.
- Make sure the environment is conducive to sleep: dark, quiet, comfortable, and cool.
- Use your bed only for sleeping, not for studying, watching television, or other activities.
- Establish a routine to prepare yourself for sleep, such as taking a hot bath, listening to soothing music, or reading something other than a textbook or electronic device.
If you can’t fall asleep after ten to fifteen minutes in bed, it’s better to get up and do something else rather than lie there fitfully for hours. Do something you find restful (or boring). Read, or listen to a recorded book. Go back to bed when you’re sleepy.
If you frequently cannot get to sleep or are often awake for a long time during the night, you may be suffering from insomnia
, a medical condition. Resist the temptation to try over-the-counter sleep aids. If you have tried the tips listed here and still cannot sleep, talk with your health-care provider or visit Health Services.
- Getting enough sleep is very important for wellness and success in college.
- Don’t fall for popular myths about sleep. It’s worthwhile to get enough sleep, which gives you an improved ability to focus and apply yourself more efficiently in your studies and work.
1. List at least three things you should not do before going to bed in order to get a good night’s sleep.
2. Identify one or two things you can do as a regular routine to help yourself relax before going to sleep.
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