Objectives and Outline

Organizing and Outlining

By Joshua Trey Barnett

University of Indiana, Bloomington, IN


After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Select a topic appropriate to the audience and occasion.
  • Formulate a specific purpose statement that identifies precisely what you will do in your speech.
  • Craft a thesis statement that clearly and succinctly summarizes the argument you will make in your speech.
  • Identify and arrange the main points of your speech according to one of many organizational styles discussed in this chapter.
Connect the points of your speech to one another.
  • Create a preparation and speaking outline for your speech.

Chapter Outline

  • Introduction
  • The Topic, Purpose, and Thesis

    • Selecting a Topic
    • Formulating a Purpose Statement
    • Writing a Thesis Statement

  • Writing the Body of Your Speech

    • Selecting Main Points
    • Selecting Sub-points

  • Organizational Styles

    • Chronological
    • Topical
    • Spatial
    • Comparative
    • Problem-Solution
    • Causal

  • Connecting Your Main Points

    • Transitional Statements
    • Internal Previews
    • Summaries

  • Outlining Your Speech

    • Outline Types
    • Outline Structure
    • Preparation Outline
    • Speaking Outline
    • Using the Outline

  • Conclusion
  • Module Activities
  • Glossary
  • References
  • Appendix A
  • Appendix B

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