Using Language Well: Objectives and Outline

Chapter 10: Using Language Well

By: E. Michele Ramsey, Ph.D.

Penn State Berks, Reading, PA

 

LEARNING OBJECTIVES

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Understand the power of language to define our world and our relationship to the world
  • Choose language that positively impacts the ability to inform and persuade
  • Choose language to create a clear and vivid message
  • Use language that is ethical and accurate
  • Use language to enhance his or her speaker credibility


Chapter Outline

  • Introduction
    • The Power of Language
    • Communication vs. Language
    • Language Creates Social Reality
    • The Differences Language Choices Can Make


  • Constructing Clear and Vivid Messages

    • Use Simple Language
    • Use Concrete and Precise Language


  • Using Stylized Language

    • Metaphors and Similes
    • Alliteration
    • Antithesis
    • Parallel Structure and Language
    • Personalized Language


  • The Importance of Ethical and Accurate Language

    • Language and Ethics
    • Sexist and Heterosexist Language


  • Avoiding Language Pitfalls

    • Profanity
    • Exaggeration
    • Powerless Language
    • Incorrect Grammar
    • Other Language Choices to Consider

      • Cliches
      • Language that is Central to Popular Culture




  • Conclusion
  • Review Questions and Activities
  • Glossary
  • References


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