Introductions & Conclusions: References

Aristotle (1982). The art of rhetoric. (J.H. Freese, Trans.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bitzer, L. (1968). The rhetorical situation. Philosophy and Rhetoric, 1, 1-14.

Bono. (2006, February 2). Keynote address at the 54th national prayer breakfast. Speech posted at Burgoon, J. K. & and Hale, J. L. (1988). Nonverbal expectancy violations: Model elaboration and application to immediacy behaviors. Communication Monographs, 55, (1), 58-79.

Flora, C. (May-June 2004). The once- over you can trust: First impressions. Psychology Today, 37 (3), 60-64.

Fisher, W. (1987). Human communication as narration: Toward a philosophy of reason, value, and action. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

Garlick, R. (1993). Verbal descriptions, communicative encounters and impressions. Communication Quarterly, 41, 394-404.

Glaser, E. (1992, July 14). 1992 Democratic national convention address. Speech posted at Johnson, L. (1964, May 22). The great society. Speech posted at Kennedy, T. (1980, August 12). 1980 democratic national convention address. Speech posted at King, Jr., M. L. (1963, August 28). I have a dream.” Speech posted at Lehrer, J. (Interviewer) & Stockdale, J. (Interviewee). (1999). Debating our Destiny: Admiral James Stockdale. Retrieved from Lincoln. A. (1863, November 19). The Gettysburg address. Speech posted at Reagan, R. (1989, January 11). Farewell address to the nation. Speech posted at Richards, A. (1998, July 19). Democratic national convention keynote address. Speech posted at Schenck v. United States, 249 US 47 (1919).

Stockdale, J. (1992, October 19). The 1992 vice presidential debate. Speech posted at Townsend, C. (2007, February 5). Spring break in Mexico. Speech posted at

photo credits

p. 1 Muhammad Yunnus by schipulites 9/21/48/0/hwac-grameenbank-author-1921480-o.jpg

p. 2 Pueblo Bonito Emerald Bay, Mazatlan by bryce_edwards e266d9adaf3b9eb5ba28008afc&npos=11

p. 4 Abraham Lincoln by U.S. Library of Congress p. 4 Bono at the National Prayer Breakfast by Paul Morse p. 5 Kelly McCann by schipulites

p. 5 Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes by National Photo Company p. 6 President Ronald Reagan by White House Photographic Office

p. 7 Laughing Audience by Damian Buonamico

p. 7 Governor Ann Richards by Kenneth Zirkel

p. 8 Ed Miliband by net_efekt c5a67ac1c988152b8136e3dfa&npos=37

p. 8 Woman with Laptop by Matthew Bowden Woman-typing-on-laptop.jpg

p. 9 LBJ at the University of Michigan Commencement by LBJ Library and Museum

p. 10 President Johnson’s Poverty Tour 1964 by Cecil Saughton

p. 10 Woman speaks at BP Oil Flood Protest New Orleans by Derek Bridges

p. 11 Martin Luther King March on Washington by National Archives and Records Administration

p. 11 Kyung-wha Khang Deputy High Commissioner for Human Rights by U.S. Mission Geneva

* All other photos from Microsoft Clipart

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