4.3 Accounting in the Headlines

What are potential cost drivers for an ABC system at Virgin America?

The following table contains selected financial and other data for Virgin America for 2012.

Virgin America

Selected financial data

For Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2012

Partial income statement: (000s omitted)
Operating revenues  $                   1,332,837
Other expenses:
Aircraft fuel                           537,501
Aircraft rent                           221,275
Wages and salaries                           176,216
Aircraft maintenance                              74,459
Landing fees                           110,165
Sales and marketing                           107,136
Guest services                              50,448
Depreciation                              11,260
Other                              76,110
Total operating expenses  $                   1,364,570
Operating income/loss  $                       (31,733)
Selected data:
Available seat miles (millions)                              12,545
Departures                              56,362
Aircraft in service                                      51
Guests (thousands)                                6,219
Load factor (% of seats filled)


Fuel gallons consumed (thousands)                           161,404
Financial data source here.


  1. For each of the expenses listed in the income statement, select a cost driver from the drivers listed under “Selected data.”  Provide rationale for your choice of each of the drivers.
  2. Are there any expenses you would group together into a single pool?  Why or why not?
  3. How could Virgin America use these cost pools and activity-based costing information internally?

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