Outcome: Drafting

Analyze drafting activities

Writing is a way to end up thinking something you couldn’t have started out thinking. - Peter Elbow, Writing Without Teachers

According to Elbow, the best way to accomplish deep thinking is a series of drafts which come together to produce an emerging “center of gravity” that then translates into the main focus on the work. This process should be a holistic process, not a linear process. Elbow’s reasoning behind this concept of multiple drafts follows the idea that, “if [a writer] learns to maximize the interaction among his own ideas or points of view, he can produce new ones that didn’t seem available to him.”

In other words, it's difficult to predict where your thoughts and your argument will end up when working on an essay draft.  And that's a good thing.

This is the reason that writing assignments are so common in higher education: they develop a deep level of thinking that's only possible through this process.

What You Will Learn to Do

  • Graphic titled Draft. Bullet list: first, working, final. All is in a blue circle bordered by gray arrows.analyze strategies for drafting from an outline
  • analyze considerations unique to early drafts
  • analyze the value of multiple drafts


The Learning Activities for This Outcome Include

  • Video: Moving From Outline to Draft
  • Text: The First Draft is the Ugliest
  • Text: Revising and Writing a Second Draft
  • Self Check: Drafting
  • Try It: Drafting


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