DNA Study Resources Q&A View all
DNA Study Resources Flashcards View all
  • ... cell membrane, thin membrane surronding the entire cell. Five steps of DNA replication, Untwists Unzips Adds base pairs DNA reforms tists back into helix. _____ were used to show that DNA, not protein. is the genetic material. ...
  • ... saur-, lizard. vect, carry. scler, hard. lancelets, blade-like shape. liqu-, become fluid, liquid. Eucaryotic Cells DNA, Multiple chromosomes. ... transposon, A transposable element that moves within a genome by means of a DNA intermediate. ...
  • ... flagella, locomotor appendages; has an undulating motion. helicase, enzyme unwinds the DNA helix. blade, wide portion of a foliage leaf. Which of the following nitrogenous bases is found in DNA but is not found in RNA? thymine. ...
  • ... nucleoid, A dense region of DNA in a prokaryotic cell. ... codon, A three- nucleotide sequence of DNA or mRNA that specifies a particular amino acid or termination signal; the basic unit of the genetic code. ...
  • ... Mutagen, A chemical or physical agent that interacts with DNA and causes a mutation. ... Interspecific competition, Competition among individuals of different species. Chromatin, a complex of proteins and DNA. ...
  • ... Peat bogs can have pHs as low as 3.8. Animals classified as fossils have been exhumed from such bogs with most of their bodies intact (except bones), and with DNA still present. ... F factor, Fertility Factor. Exons, Coding regions of DNA. ...
  • ... terminator, In prokaryotes, a special sequence of nucleotides in DNA that marks the end of a gene. ... transcription initiation, RNA polymerase attaches to the promoter region of DNA strand, and synthesis begins. ...
  • ... Plasmid, A small ring of DNA that carries accessory genes separate from those of a bacterial chromosome; also found in some cukaryotes, such as yeast. ... DNA Polymerase, enzyme that adds nucleotide to DNA strand. ...
  • ... ion, atom/compound with a charge. Pyrimidine, 2 ringed base of DNA. pyramidine, cytosine, thymine, and uracil; six-membered ring. ... 3D shape makes it so that the enzymes themselves dont break down. DNA, Molecule of Heredity. ...
  • ... recombinant DNA, DNA in which nucleotide seqences from different sorces are combined. ... nucleus, organelle that controls all the activities of a cell and contains hereditary material made of DNA. ...
  • ... Telomerase, an enzyme that catalyzes the lengthening of telomeres in eukaryotic germ cells in order to restore their original length and compensate for shortening that occurs during DNA replication. ...
  • ... flexibility to backbone. reflex, a simple automatic nerve circuit. prokaryotes, the first unicellular organisms, consist of DNA and other biochemicals enclosed in a membrane. nematocysts, capsules with ...
  • ... DNA, A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell's proteins. ... TATA Box, Promoter DNA sequence cruicial in forming the trasncription Initiation Complex. ...
  • ... palindromic, Reading the same forward and backward; some DNA sequences are palindromic because the base sequence of one strand is the reverse of the base sequence in its complement; for example, the complement of 5'-GAATTC ...
  • ... digestive enzymes. DNA, A double-stranded, helical nucleic acid molecule capable of replicating and determining the inherited structure of a cell's proteins. ... sticky end, A single-stranded end of a double-stranded DNA restriction fragme...