Chapter 9, Aspects of Language, CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING, Exercise 1
The mentioned term refers to the ability to understand and produce written, spoken, and signed words. Language consists of five components mentioned below:
Phonology: The mentioned term refers to the study of speech sounds of an individual language. The smallest differentiative sounds in a particular language are known as phonemes, for example, in the word 'cat', the phonemes will be c, a, and t.
Morphology: A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit in a language, for example, in the word 'unshakeable', the morphemes are 'un', 'shake', and 'able'. The study of morphemes is known as morphology. In morphology, individuals try to understand how words are formed from sounds and how they are used to form relations with other words.
Syntax: This term refers to the study of sentences made up of words. It is the manner in which people put words sequentially and communicate them meaningfully. For example, the correct syntax would be "I ate the chocolate from the fridge" instead of "From the fridge I ate the chocolate."
Semantics: This term refers to the study of understanding the meaning of sentences. For example, the word 'talk' means to say something verbally to some.
Pragmatics: Pragmatics enables individuals to comprehend the context of a word or sentence and use them accordingly. It refers to the rules of using words based on the context. For example, pragmatics enables and helps the individuals understand that one must talk formally and respectfully to older adults and informally to children and peers.
The mentioned term has the following five components: