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Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain 4th Edition

Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain (4th Edition)

Book Edition4th Edition
Author(s)Bear, Connors
ISBN9780781778176
PublisherWolters Kluwer
SubjectBiology

Chapter 24, End of Chapter, Review Questions, Exercise 1

Page 864

Explanation

Declarative and procedural memories are the two kinds of memories based on the difference in the type of information perceived. At different times different memories, or their combinations are used. Declarative memory is based on recall and retrieval, while the procedural memory is based on the performance of a person. 

 

1. Declarative memory

The declarative memory is stored in the medial temporal lobe and the diencephalon. This is the memory generated based on facts and events. The controller site of declarative memory is the medial region of the temporal lobe and the hippocampus. Declarative memory is related to the conscious recall of an event. An evidence of declarative memory is the memory of the history chapter taught by the teacher a few days ago. Similarly, a birthday, an anniversary, meeting people at an event, a difference between two animals are considered as the part of declarative memory. 

 

2. Procedural memory 

This is the memory that is based on the development of certain skills and procedures. Procedural memory can be formed on the basis of nonassociative learning and associative learning. Non associative learning involves two kinds of behavior, these are habituation and sensitization. Associative learning involves the association of an event with a stimulus. 

 

The person tries to recall the number of windows by mentally walking from one room to the next. Since this memory is based on facts, it is declarative memory. In declarative memory the person uses the facts and is aware about the number of windows in each room due to regular household activities. 

Verified Answer

Declarative memory 

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