This textbook is available Logo
Psychology 8th Edition

Psychology (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Hockenbury, Nolan
PublisherMacmillan Publishing, Inc
Introduction: Gender and Sexuality
Gender Stereotypes and Gender Roles
Think LIke a Scientist
Figure Question
Section GD: BBAPB: Gender Development: Blue Bears and Pink Bunnies
Critical Thinking Questions
Myth or Science
Sexual Disorders and Problems
Myth or Science

Chapter 10, Introduction: Gender and Sexuality, Key Questions, Exercise 01

Page 372

Here is a tip:

Socialization is the process by which people learn to accept and practice the norms (expected behaviors and attitudes) and values of a society.


  • A parent giving a female child a doll to play with would be an example of society driving what it means to be a female: That a girl must prefer dolls over toy cars.
  • Gender roles for cisgender men and women in Western society (such as that of the United States) span occupations, physical appearance, personality, and expected behaviors.
    • In medical settings, cisgender women are assumed to be nurses and cisgender men to be doctors.
    • Cisgender women are expected to be thin, wear makeup, and dress in a feminine (social qualities associated with females) way. Cisgender men are expected to be strong and muscular and dress in a masculine (qualities associated with males) way.
    • A woman may be seen as emotional and expected to be nurturing. A man is expected to be confident and are more often seen as aggressive.
    • Cisgender women are expected to be home makers, enjoy playing with dolls, and to choose the color pink to display their femininity. Cisgender men are expected to fix mechanical issues, enjoy sports, and reject the color pink to display their masculinity.

Sample Response

The set of behaviors and characteristics society deems appropriate for males and females are called gender roles. 

  • Attitudes, behaviors, and values are ascribed to a specific sex by cultural norms (expectations put in place by a culture). These qualities are deemed more masculine or feminine within a society.
  • Gender roles are not inherent to the sex itself. Sex is a biological difference in chromosomes, and gender is influenced by what the society one lives in thinks it means to be a specific sex.
  • For example, if someone is a cisgender male, they are expected to conform to what is typical of a man (for example, be strong).
How would you rate this answer and explanation?
Did you like this example?
Subscribe for full access
Page 372