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Psychology 8th Edition

Psychology (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Hockenbury, Nolan
ISBN9781319050634
PublisherMacmillan Publishing, Inc
SubjectPsychology
Introduction: Stress and Health Psychology
Figure Question
Myth or Science
Section PEOS: TMC: Physical Effects of Stress: The Mind-Body Connection
Myth or Science
Individual Factors That Influence the Response to Stress
Figure Question
Critical Thinking Questions
Section C: HPDWS: Coping: How People Deal with Stress
Think LIke a Scientist

Chapter 13, Introduction: Stress and Health Psychology, Key Questions, Exercise 01

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Here is a tip:

A health psychologist may be interested in the placebo effect, which occurs when a person is given a substance they are told will produce certain helpful effects (such as believing they are receiving a new medication to treat anxiety), but they actually receive an inactive substance, or placebo, (such as a sugar pill), yet report experiencing effects (such as decreased anxiety) anyways.

Explanation

An example of a topic that may be approached from a biopsychosocial perspective (BPS) is bipolar disorder. According to the BPS model, a psychologist diagnosing and treating someone with bipolar disorder should consider:

  • Biological Factors:
    • Whether they have a chemical imbalance of neurotransmitters such as norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin (those typically not balanced in people with bipolar disorder) and prescribe a medication to help balance them
    • If the person's family members have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder since research has shown that Bipolar disorder is a disorder with a high amount of heritability (genetic material from a parent causes changes in the offspring)
  • Emotional/Social factors:
    • How much social support the person has. Do they have friends and family they can talk to? Do they have hobbies that help them get out to interact with other people?
    • Those with higher social support report being less depressed than those who do not have a social network.
  • Psychological factors:
    • Whether the person's thoughts are maladaptive (do not help the person solve problems or cope with stress in a healthy way) or not
    • If the severity of their emotions exceeds the severity situation the person is in

Verified Answer

Health psychology is the study of humans through understanding how different factors (biological, cognitive, emotional, social, and behavioral) influence a person's overall health. Since people are best understood from these perspectives combined, the most common model used in health psychology is the biopsychosocial (BPS) approach. This approach looks at:

  • The wellness and illness of humans as an interaction of their social life and support
  • Their psychological world (emotions, cognition)
  • Their biological predispositions (genetic risk for disease)
  • Their biological challenges (hormone or/and neurotransmitter imbalances)
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