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Psychology 8th Edition

Psychology (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Hockenbury, Nolan
PublisherMacmillan Publishing, Inc
Introduction: Understanding Psychological Disorders
Anxiety Disorders, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Figure Question
Section DABD: DMAE: Depressive and Bipolar Disorders: Disordered Moods and Emotions
Section ED: ABABED: Eating Disorders: Anorexia, Bulimia, and Binge-Eating Disorder
Personality Disorders: Maladaptive Traits
Section TDD: FOTF: The Dissociative Disorders: Fragmentation of the Self
Schizophrenia: A Different Reality

Chapter 14, Introduction: Understanding Psychological Disorders, Key Questions, Exercise 01

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Here is a tip:

Whether patterns of thought and behavior are considered normal or abnormal depend on the culture and situation in which they happen.


  • A person may be diagnosed with a psychological disorder when they display patterns of abnormal behavioral and thought that disrupt their ability to function on a day-to-day basis in a safe and healthy way and/or cause significant distress.
  • A key factor in defining abnormal behavior or cognitive process is the particular culture's perspective and view.
    • For example, the mental disorder schizophrenia typically involves the presence of hallucinations (hearing, seeing, or sensing something that is not present in physical reality). In Western culture, this symptom is considered to be abnormal, whereas in other cultures around the world it may be considered to be a gift of access to the "unseen" world. An individual experiencing these symptoms may be praised or looked at as a spiritual leader.

Sample Response

A person with a psychological disorder displays patterns of maladaptive behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and/or personality traits that differ significantly from what a certain society considers to be normal.  


These patterns are considered abnormal since they cause:

  • Impaired daily functioning
  • Significant personal distress
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