This textbook is available Logo
Psychology 8th Edition

Psychology (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Hockenbury, Nolan
PublisherMacmillan Publishing, Inc
Section I:C:ETP: Introduction: Consciousness: Experiencing the "Private I"
Myth or Science
Think LIke a Scientist
Section COC: CRAS: Cycles of Consciousness: Circadian Rhythms and Sleep
Myth or Science
Dreams and Mental Activity During Sleep
Sleep Disorders
Myth or Science
Critical Thinking Questions
Myth or Science
Psychoactive Drugs
Myth or Science
The Depressants: Alcohol, Barbiturates, and Tranquilizers
The Stimulants: Caffeine, Nicotine, Amphetamines, and Cocaine

Chapter 4, Section I:C:ETP, Key Questions, Exercise 01

Page 124

Here is a tip:

Consider a flowing river. It may encounter a rock, school of fish, or shrub as it flows, but the core essence of the river remains the same.


  • Meditation, studying, driving a car, and playing a sport all use different states of consciousness and awareness that correspond to varying brainwave activity. 
  • The core sense of self remains stable and predictable despite varying states of consciousness. For example, a person wakes up after a good night's sleep with the same sense of identity, personality, and memories they had before they fell asleep.

Sample Response

The personal, subjective experience of the stream of consciousness involves changing awareness and responsiveness to the world. This includes the external world (objects, places, people) and internal world (thoughts, emotions, dreams). Despite these changing states of consciousness, a person experiences a stable, unchanging sense of identity and personality.

How would you rate this answer and explanation?
Did you like this example?
Subscribe for full access
Page 124