This textbook is available atAmazon.com Logo
Psychology 8th Edition

Psychology (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Hockenbury, Nolan
ISBN9781319050634
PublisherMacmillan Publishing, Inc
SubjectPsychology
Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli
Myth or Science
Contemporary Views of Classical Conditioning
Section OC: ABAC: Operant Conditioning: Associating Behaviors and Consequences
Think LIke a Scientist
Critical Thinking Questions
Contemporary Views of Operant Conditioning
Myth or Science
Section OL: ITAOO: Observational Learning: Imitating the Actions of Others
Myth or Science
Critical Thinking Questions

Chapter 5, Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli, Key Questions, Exercise 01

Page 164

Here is a tip:

Classical conditioning was originally discovered in experiments with dogs.

Explanation

  • Classical conditioning pairs something neutral in the environment (e.g., the sound of a bell) and a natural behavior (e.g., drooling when food is presented). With repeated pairings, an organism learns to associate the neutral stimulus with a behavior automatically (e.g., drooling when the bell rings even if there is no food).
  • Operant conditioning relies on rewards and punishments to change an organism's behavior.
    • Rewarding a dog with treats increases its likelihood of sitting on command.
    • Punishing a child by taking away their toys decreases the likelihood that they will scream in public.

Sample Response

Learning that happens as a result of pairing an action or behavior with something in the environment (such as a reward or punishment, or another event) is called conditioning. Conditioning yields a long-term change in behavior. The two forms of conditioning are operant and classical.

How would you rate this answer and explanation?
Did you like this example?
Subscribe for full access
Page 164