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Psychology 8th Edition

Psychology (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Hockenbury, Nolan
PublisherMacmillan Publishing, Inc
Introduction: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence
Language and Thought
Critical Thinking Questions
Measuring Intelligence
Think LIke a Scientist
Section PFYL: AWON: Psych for Your Life: A Workshop on Creativity
Myth or Science

Chapter 7, Introduction: Thinking, Language, and Intelligence, Key Questions, Exercise 01

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Here is a tip:

Mental images involve imagined sensations (such as sight and smell), whereas concepts involve mental categories (such as fruits or birds).


For example, a memory of a trip to Paris might involve a mental image of the Eiffel Tower, including the color, shape, and size of the landmark, perhaps with background scenery that includes smells and sounds. 


The mental image would not perfectly reproduce the actual Eiffel Tower (it could not be as detailed, and some details may be wrong) but use many of the same brain areas as actually seeing it would.

Sample Response

A visualization of something (for example, a person, place, or thing) in a person's imagination when it is not actually present is called a mental image. 


Mental images:

  • Are usually visual, like a picture, but can also include sounds, smells, and other sensations
  • Often resemble the actual subject of the mental image, but are not exact copies, and details may be missing or incorrect
  • Involve activity in some of the same areas of the brain (such as the fusiform face area) as actually perceiving the object
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