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Psychology 8th Edition

Psychology (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Hockenbury, Nolan
PublisherMacmillan Publishing, Inc
Introduction: Motivation and Emotion
Figure Question
Hunger and Eating
Critical Thinking Questions
Psychological Needs as Motivators
Myth or Science
Theories of Emotion: Explaining Emotion
Figure Question
Myth or Science

Chapter 8, Introduction: Motivation and Emotion, Key Questions, Exercise 01

Page 292

Here is a tip:

Motivation refers to all of the different factors that elicit and shape a specific behavior. 


Motivation involves three primary components: activation, persistence and intensity. 

For example, 

  • Lilly decides to begin training to run the New York City Marathon next year. This initial decision is an example of activation.
  • She doesn't always feel like doing her training runs and would sometimes prefer to sleep in or relax. Her ability to resist these temptations and go for a run instead is an example of persistence.
  • Lilly's dedication to her goal is obvious when she runs. She doesn't take breaks, keeps up a fast pace and doesn't go for casual chit chat. Anyone who joins her for a run better be prepared to work hard. This is an example of the intensity she brings to the pursuit of her goal.

Verified Answer

Motivation refers to all of the reasons a person behaves the way they do.

Three core features of motivation are:

  • Activation, which refers to the initial steps an individual takes in pursuit of a goal.
  • Persistence, which refers to actively choosing to continue pursuing a goal in spite of difficulty.
  • Intensity, is defined as the heightened focus and energy with which goal-motivated behavior is carried out.
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