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The Personality Puzzle 8th Edition

The Personality Puzzle (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Funder
ISBN9780393421781
PublisherW. W. Norton
SubjectPsychology

Chapter 17, End of Chapter, Think About It, Exercise 1

Page 656

Explanation

An individual with a personality disorder should be accepted the way they are because of the following reasons: 

  • People with personality disorders deserve acceptance and empathy as other average functioning members of society.
  • The integration of people with personality disorders is similarly crucial as it is in other psychiatric illnesses. The stigmatization might restrict the people from seeking therapy. If there is no stigma involved and people are more tolerant toward personality disorders, it can encourage the patients to seek treatment and increase the probability of being better.

People should be careful around individuals with personality disorders because of the following reasons: 

  • An individual with a personality disorder can harbor very abusive tendencies. For instance, a person with anti-social personality disorder will be devoid of empathy, and they might physically harm a person to get what they want.
  • It can be very emotionally and mentally challenging to be involved with a person that has an untreated personality disorder. It is better for a person's emotional health to not be around someone that has a difficult personality disorder.

The personality disorder that an individual has should affect how others perceive them because of the following reasons: 

  • Some personality disorders like antisocial personality disorders or borderline personality disorder can be very emotionally or even physically abusive. On the other hand, some personality disorders have a lower likelihood of spawning abusive traits, like schizotypal personality disorder.

 

There are other factors that should affect whether people should be accepting of traits that are typical of personality disorders. They are as follows: 

  • An individual that is seeking treatment for their personality disorder, either through therapy or medical intervention, will be able to recognize maladaptive traits and act against these traits to some extent, or their maladaptive traits will be in control.
  • People with personality disorders are not devoid of empathy [except a person with antisocial personality disorder]. They will be able to empathize with another individual and take actions that prevent any active harm.

Sample Response

Individual difference refers to the features or other characteristics that distinguish people from one another. People might differ in physical characteristics such as height or weight, or by personality. Some people might have a stable personality. However, some people may have personality disorders. A personality disorder is a manner of thinking, feeling, and acting that differs from cultural norms produces distress or impairment in functioning, and persists over time. A pattern of experience and behavior develops by late adolescence or early adulthood, and it produces unhappiness or functional issues. People with personality disorders face a range of psychological issues and often tend to suffer through a lot of troubles. There are many kinds of personality disorders, and in most cases, they are extremely disruptive and affect the way a person perceives and interacts with their social environment. 

There are many kinds of personality disorders. There are three clusters of personality disorders. The first cluster consists of disorders that have traits like paranoia, perceived hostility, and so on. Cluster B consists of traits like disregard for others, lack of empathy, mood swings, vanity, and so on. Cluster C consists of traits like anxiety, negative emotionality, dependence, and so on. 

There are two sides to the argument: 

  • People should accept how people with personality disorders are.
  • People should be wary of people with personality disorders.
  • The kind of personality disorder an individual has will affect how a person treats people with personality disorders.

Other factors that might affect how a person might treat someone with a personality disorder are as follows: 

  • Whether a person with a personality disorder is seeking treatment.
  • Whether they are actively harming another person or animal.
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