Personality comprises of social attitudes, behavioral styles, and individual thoughts, which can influence an individual's perception of themselves, the way they view others, and the way they perceive the surrounding world.
There are multiple theories of personality formulated by eminent psychologists. Some of them are as follows:
- Psychoanalytic theory: This theory was formulated by Psychologist SF and aimed at reflecting upon the influence or contribution of the unconscious mind on the development of personality.
- Humanistic theory: This modern theory developed with the contribution of Psychologist AB, who claimed that rather than conceiving the idea of personality as abnormal or normal, it is crucial to understand that the individual can be impacted by the conscious mind in the normal states of the mind. Humanists claim that individuals have the ability to make independent choices and that understanding individual personality can be dependent upon subjective experiences and interactions with the external environment.
- Trait theory: The trait theory formulated by Psychologist GA denoted that personality is a collection of various aspects or characteristics present in an individual known as dispositions or traits. These traits aid in identifying the uniqueness of individuals.
The following are two types of tests or forms of assessment applicable in personality psychology:
- Objective tests: The assessment of these tests is not impacted by the tester's or researcher's individual beliefs and biases due to the self-reported measures of personality [Minnesota-Multiphasic Personality Inventory and Myers Briggs Type Indicator].
- Projective tests: These tests are mostly based on Psychologist SF's psychoanalytic theory and aim to decode the unconscious urges or beliefs of the clients, that is, these tests can be sensitive to the examiner's beliefs.
The following two arguments can be considered crucial when understanding personality as a scientific field:
- Personality as a scientific study of human behavior can prove to be beneficial for researchers and experts.
- Personality as a scientific study of human behavior might not prove to be reliable for experts and researchers.