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The Personality Puzzle 8th Edition

The Personality Puzzle (8th Edition)

Book Edition8th Edition
Author(s)Funder
ISBN9780393421781
PublisherW. W. Norton
SubjectPsychology

Chapter 6, The Single-Trait Approach, Try For Yourself, Exercise 6.1

Page 188

Explanation

It can be understood from the statements provided in the personal reaction inventory that self-monitoring is either conducted to seek approval and attention from others or prevent rejection from others. An individual who is essentially different from the inside but portrays a different exterior or behavior across various situations is a high self-monitor. On the contrary, an individual who is the same in terms of their inner self and outer behavior and remains consistent across various situations is a low self-monitor. The behavior of high self-monitors is guided by and adjusted deliberately accordingly to environmental cues, whereas the behavior of low self-monitors is guided by their inner personality and thereby remains fairly consistent and same. The value judgments ascribed to high and low self-monitors can be positive as well as negative such that high self-monitors can be described as adaptable and able to fit in wherever they visit as well as two-faced or as having a dual personality. Low self-monitors can be described as being honest and consistent as well as inflexible and adamant.

Sample Response

Self-monitoring is a concept and a personality trait proposed by Psychologist MS. It reflects upon one's ability to regulate their behaviors and emotions and monitor their presentations of self in correspondence with social cues. For instance, an individual may remain calm and composed when they are a part of a religious congregation, whereas, in a nightclub, they tend to scream and dance to loud music. When they are all alone at home, they could be a different person entirely. A standard scale used to assess the attribute of self-monitoring in an individual is the personal reaction inventory. A personality inventory is a tool that is based on the measure of self-report, and it helps an individual to learn more about their personality. This inventory comprises one's personal responses to a wide variety of situations in the form of 18 statements. The test-taker stains the letter "T" when the statement holds true or almost true for themselves, and the letter "F" is marked when the statement seems to be false or typically not true for themselves. The answers are scored according to the answer key, and a total score of 11 or above signifies a high self-monitor mark, whereas a score of 10 or below indicates a low self-monitor.

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