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Visual Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology 1st Edition

Visual Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology (1st Edition)

Book Edition1st Edition
Author(s)Martini, Ober
ISBN9780321780775
PublisherPearson Higher Education
SubjectBiology
Section 17.2: A nephron can be divided into regions; each region has specific functions
Section 17.3: The kidneys are highly vascular, and the circulation patterns are complex
Section EOS1: End of Section 1
Section Review
Section 17.4: Filtration, reabsorbtion, and secretion occur in specific regions of the nephron and collecting system
Section 17.5: Urine volume and concentrations are hormonally regulated
Section 17.6: Renal function is an integrative process
Section 17.7: Clinical Module: Renal failure is life-threatening condition
Section EOS2: End of Section 2
Section 17.8: The ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra are specialized for conducting urine
Section 17.9: Clinical Module: Physical exams and laboratory tests can often detect urinary disorders
Section EOS3: End of Section 3
Section 17.10: Fluid and mineral balance exists when gains equal losses
Section 17.11: Water balance depends on sodium balance, and the two are regulated simultaneously
Section EOS4: End of Section 4
Section 17.12: Buffer systems oppose potentially dangerous disturbances in acid-base balance
Section 17.13: Buffer systems can delay but not prevent pH shifts in the ICF and ECF
Section 17.14: Homeostatic responses to acidosis and alkalosis involve respiratory and renal mechanisms as well as buffer systems
Section EOS5: End of Section 5
Section Review

Chapter 17, Section 17.2, Module Review, Exercise a

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Here is a tip:

The nephron and collecting system form the functional unit of the kidney.

Explanation

The nephron consists of the renal corpuscle and renal tubule. Blood is filtered at the renal corpuscle, and the concentration and volume of the fluid are adjusted in the renal tubule and collecting system. Nephrons empty into the collecting system. The fluid leaves the collecting system as urine.

Verified Answer

The following are the primary structures of the nephron:

  1. Renal corpuscle
  2. Proximal convoluted tubule
  3. Nephron loop
  4. Distal convoluted tubule

The following are the primary structures of the collecting system:

  1. Collecting duct
  2. Papillary duct
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