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Life-Span Human Development  9th Edition

Life-Span Human Development (9th Edition)

Book Edition9th Edition
Author(s)Rider, Sigelman
PublisherCengage Learning
Section 14.1: Emotional Development
Figure Question
Making Connections
Section 14.2: Perspectives on Relationships
Making Connections
Section 14.3: The Infant
Making Connections
Section 14.4: The Child
Making Connections
Section 14.5: The Adolescent
Checking Mastery
Making Connections
Section 14.6: The Adult
Internal Working Models of Attachment
Making Connections
Chapter 14, Section 14.1, Figure Question, Exercise 01
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   (a)                                                                      (b)


What emotions do you see in Baby A and Baby B? Your choices are the six primary emotions: anger, disgust, fear, surprise, joy, and sadness. 

(a) sadness; (b) anger

Here is a tip:

Psychologists study the primary emotions like anger, sadness, and joy, which are experienced by the child during the initial months of life.


The display of emotions starts from early life when a child is born. There are two kinds of emotions: primary emotions and secondary emotions. The experience of primary emotions by a child starts in the initial six months. Examples of such emotions are anger, sadness, and joy. Secondary emotions are felt by a person after the initial one and a half years. Examples of such emotions are an embarrassment, empathy, and envy.

The display of the following emotions can be observed:


  • Sadness- It is a negative emotion experienced by a child in the initial months of the life in which feelings of disgust come. They can cry and shout to convey these emotions. It can be because of their unmet expectations, or any other negative feelings.
    For instance, a child becomes sad when the mother leaves.
  • Anger- It is a negative emotion experienced by a baby where they can cry and shout to convey their feelings. They may throw tantrums and make faces to the person or object for which the negative emotions are present. It can be because of their unmet demands.
    For instance, a child can become angry when anyone snatches the toy.

Sample Response

The babies in the display the following primary emotions:


  • Sadness-
    It is a negative emotion where a baby feels emotions of disgust. It is when they do not get what they wanted. They can show this emotion by crying.
  • Anger-
    It is an emotion that consists of negative feelings toward a person or object. A baby can cry or shout when they experience this emotion. The baby can make faces and throw tantrums during this phase.
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