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Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications 5th Edition

Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications (5th Edition)

Book Edition5th Edition
Author(s)Nevid
ISBN9781305964150
PublisherCengage
SubjectPsychology
Section 8.1: Motivation: The "Whys" of Behavior
Section 8.2: Hunger and Eating
The Brain Loves a Puzzle
Section 8.3: Sexual Motivation
End of Chapter
THINKING CRITICALLY ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY
Chapter 8, Section 8.1, Recite It, Exercise 1
Page 286

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

 

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Define the concept of motivation and describe several major theories of motivation.

(a) ________ is the set of factors or internal processes that activate, direct, and sustain behavior toward the satisfaction of a need or the attainment of a goal. Instinct theory proposes that behavior is motivated by (b) ________ programmed, species-specific, fixed patterns of responses called instincts. Though this model may have value in explaining some forms of animal behavior, human behavior is too (c) ________ to be explained by instincts. (d) ________ theory asserts that animals are driven to satisfy unmet biological needs, such as hunger and thirst. The theory is limited, in part because it fails to account for motives involving the desire to (e) ________ states of arousal. According to (f) ________ theory, the optimal level of arousal varies from person to person. To maintain arousal at an (g) ________ level, some people seek exciting, even potentially dangerous, activities, while others seek more tranquil ones. (h) ________ theory focuses on the "pull," or lure, of goals or objects that we perceive as attractive, whereas (i) ________ theory focuses on the "push" of unmet biological needs.

Here is a tip:

Individual's inclination to achieve a particular position and object.

Explanation

The mentioned term refers to an urge to conduct self in a way to satisfy certain desires, conditions, and goals. These urges guide and give direction to the individual's goals. The individual's instincts, drives, needs, and their arousal levels are significant factors that determine and support their conduct and activity. 

 

The major components of the mentioned concept include persistence, activation, and the intensity of the need and action: 

  • Persistence refers to the efforts made by an individual to continue to reach a particular goal. 
  • Activation involves the person's thinking process and the decision taken by them to display a particular overt expression. 
  • Intensity refers to the magnitude and concentration of the efforts indicated in performing an activity. 

 

It includes both objective and subjective aspects of an individual such as, 

  • The inner desire and need of the person to achieve or gain something, along with the biological needs of the person. 
  • The objective aspect includes the person's behavior and the action taken to reach the goal and accomplish the needs.

Verified Answer

  • Motivation

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