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Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications 5th Edition

Essentials of Psychology: Concepts and Applications (5th Edition)

Book Edition5th Edition
Author(s)Nevid
ISBN9781305964150
PublisherCengage
SubjectPsychology
Section 2.2: The Nervous System: Your Body's Information Superhighway
Section 2.3: The Brain: Your Crowning Glory
Recite It
Section 2.4: Methods of Studying the Brain
The Brain Loves a Puzzle
Recite It
Section 2.5: The Divided Brain: Specialization of Function
Recite It
Section 2.6: The Endocrine System: The Body's Other Communication System
Recite It
Section 2.7: Genes and Behavior: A Case of Nature and Nurture
End of Chapter
THINKING CRITICALLY ABOUT PSYCHOLOGY
Chapter 2, Section 2.1, Recite It, Exercise 1
Page 48

Define what a neuron is, identify the parts of the neuron and explain how neurons communicate with each other.

 

A (a) ________ is a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system through which information in the form of neural impulses is transmitted. The parts of the neuron include the following: the cell body, or (b) ________ , that houses the cell nucleus and carries out the metabolic work of the cell; the (c) ________  , a long cable that conducts outgoing messages (neural impulses) to other neurons; (d) ________ , which are the fibers that receive neural messages from other neurons; and terminal (e) ________ or swellings at the ends of the axon that release neurotransmitters in the synapse. When a neural impulse reaches the terminal buttons, it triggers the release of (f) ________ , the chemical messengers that carry the message across the synapse (tiny gap between neurons) to neighboring neurons. Neurotransmitters have either excitatory or (g) ________ effects on neurons at which they dock.

Define what a neuron is, identify the parts of the neuron and explain how neurons communicate with each other.

 

A (a) ________ is a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system through which information in the form of neural impulses is transmitted. The parts of the neuron include the following: the cell body, or (b) ________ , that houses the cell nucleus and carries out the metabolic work of the cell; the (c) ________  , a long cable that conducts outgoing messages (neural impulses) to other neurons; (d) ________ , which are the fibers that receive neural messages from other neurons; and terminal (e) ________ or swellings at the ends of the axon that release neurotransmitters in the synapse. When a neural impulse reaches the terminal buttons, it triggers the release of (f) ________ , the chemical messengers that carry the message across the synapse (tiny gap between neurons) to neighboring neurons. Neurotransmitters have either excitatory or (g) ________ effects on neurons at which they dock.

Define what a neuron is, identify the parts of the neuron and explain how neurons communicate with each other.

 

A (a) ________ is a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system through which information in the form of neural impulses is transmitted. The parts of the neuron include the following: the cell body, or (b) ________ , that houses the cell nucleus and carries out the metabolic work of the cell; the (c) ________  , a long cable that conducts outgoing messages (neural impulses) to other neurons; (d) ________ , which are the fibers that receive neural messages from other neurons; and terminal (e) ________ or swellings at the ends of the axon that release neurotransmitters in the synapse. When a neural impulse reaches the terminal buttons, it triggers the release of (f) ________ , the chemical messengers that carry the message across the synapse (tiny gap between neurons) to neighboring neurons. Neurotransmitters have either excitatory or (g) ________ effects on neurons at which they dock.

Define what a neuron is, identify the parts of the neuron and explain how neurons communicate with each other.

 

A (a) ________ is a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system through which information in the form of neural impulses is transmitted. The parts of the neuron include the following: the cell body, or (b) ________ , that houses the cell nucleus and carries out the metabolic work of the cell; the (c) ________  , a long cable that conducts outgoing messages (neural impulses) to other neurons; (d) ________ , which are the fibers that receive neural messages from other neurons; and terminal (e) ________ or swellings at the ends of the axon that release neurotransmitters in the synapse. When a neural impulse reaches the terminal buttons, it triggers the release of (f) ________ , the chemical messengers that carry the message across the synapse (tiny gap between neurons) to neighboring neurons. Neurotransmitters have either excitatory or (g) ________ effects on neurons at which they dock.

Define what a neuron is, identify the parts of the neuron and explain how neurons communicate with each other.

 

A (a) ________ is a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system through which information in the form of neural impulses is transmitted. The parts of the neuron include the following: the cell body, or (b) ________ , that houses the cell nucleus and carries out the metabolic work of the cell; the (c) ________  , a long cable that conducts outgoing messages (neural impulses) to other neurons; (d) ________ , which are the fibers that receive neural messages from other neurons; and terminal (e) ________ or swellings at the ends of the axon that release neurotransmitters in the synapse. When a neural impulse reaches the terminal buttons, it triggers the release of (f) ________ , the chemical messengers that carry the message across the synapse (tiny gap between neurons) to neighboring neurons. Neurotransmitters have either excitatory or (g) ________ effects on neurons at which they dock.

Define what a neuron is, identify the parts of the neuron and explain how neurons communicate with each other.

 

A (a) ________ is a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system through which information in the form of neural impulses is transmitted. The parts of the neuron include the following: the cell body, or (b) ________ , that houses the cell nucleus and carries out the metabolic work of the cell; the (c) ________  , a long cable that conducts outgoing messages (neural impulses) to other neurons; (d) ________ , which are the fibers that receive neural messages from other neurons; and terminal (e) ________ or swellings at the ends of the axon that release neurotransmitters in the synapse. When a neural impulse reaches the terminal buttons, it triggers the release of (f) ________ , the chemical messengers that carry the message across the synapse (tiny gap between neurons) to neighboring neurons. Neurotransmitters have either excitatory or (g) ________ effects on neurons at which they dock.

Define what a neuron is, identify the parts of the neuron and explain how neurons communicate with each other.

 

A (a) ________ is a nerve cell, the basic building block of the nervous system through which information in the form of neural impulses is transmitted. The parts of the neuron include the following: the cell body, or (b) ________ , that houses the cell nucleus and carries out the metabolic work of the cell; the (c) ________  , a long cable that conducts outgoing messages (neural impulses) to other neurons; (d) ________ , which are the fibers that receive neural messages from other neurons; and terminal (e) ________ or swellings at the ends of the axon that release neurotransmitters in the synapse. When a neural impulse reaches the terminal buttons, it triggers the release of (f) ________ , the chemical messengers that carry the message across the synapse (tiny gap between neurons) to neighboring neurons. Neurotransmitters have either excitatory or (g) ________ effects on neurons at which they dock.

Here is a tip:

This is a cell that makes up about ten percent of the brain cells.

Explanation

The neuron is a nerve cell that carries electrical impulses from the brain to the body and vice versa. The brain has about eighty-six billion neurons that help the transmission of messages throughout the body. 

 

This is the basic working unit of the brain. A neuron is a specialized cell in the body that transmits information to other nerve cells, muscles, or gland cells. There are several different types of neurons responsible for different tasks in the human body. Sensory neurons are responsible for carrying the information from sensory receptor cells throughout the body and to the brain. Whereas, motor neurons are responsible for carrying information from the brain to the different neurons in the body. 

 

Verified Answer

  • Neuron

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