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Life-Span Human Development  9th Edition

Life-Span Human Development (9th Edition)

Book Edition9th Edition
Author(s)Rider, Sigelman
ISBN9781337100731
PublisherCengage Learning
SubjectPsychology
Section 11.1: Conceptualizing the Self and Personality
Making Connections
Section 11.2: The Infant
Figure Question
Checking Mastery
Making Connections
Section 11.3: The Child
Checking Mastery
Making Connections
Section 11.4: The Adolescent
Making Connections
Section 11.5: The Adult
Making Connections
Chapter 11, Section 11.1, A Brief Personality Scale, Exercise 1
Page 335

Here are several personality traits that may or may not apply to you. Write a number from 1 to 7 next to each statement to indicate the extent to which you agree or disagree with that statement. You should rate the extent to which the pair of traits applies to you, even if one characteristic applies more strongly than the other. 

 

1 = Disagree strongly 2 = Disagree moderately 3 = Disagree a little 4 = Neither agree nor disagree 5 = Agree a little 6 = Agree moderately 7 = Agree strongly 

 

I see myself as: 

 

_______ Extraverted, enthusiastic

Explanation

Personality tests are psychological assessments that are developed to identify various traits of human beings. These traits define human behavior such as extroversion and enthusiasm.

Many individuals take these personality tests and answer questionnaires based on the Likert scale [one to seven].

 

The scale is described below:

  • Individuals who strongly disagree[number one] with extroversion might be very secluded, introverted, and do not like to be in social situations. In the case of enthusiasm, individuals will have no energy or interest for various chores.
  • Individuals who disagree on a moderate level[number two] would show extremely little interest in meeting people, and extremely little excitement while doing various activities.
  • Some people disagree very little[number three]. They show disagreement with social life and meeting people. On the enthusiasm level, people are likely to show little interest in activities. All this happens at a very minute level.
  • There are individuals who are unsure[number four] about their take on personality traits. These people remain confused about whether they are sociable or not. They are confused about their energy and interest in worldly affairs.
  • Some people agree a little[number five] in terms of their extroversion and enthusiasm. These people show a small level of social life and a some excitement for doing any work or activity.
  • Some people agree on a moderate level[number six]. These people meet others and like to be with friends. They show a moderate level of energy and are excited about various affairs, work, and goals.
  • Some individuals are high on the extroversion and enthusiasm scale. They strongly agree[number seven]with these traits. These individuals are very talkative, social, and tend to meet other people very often.  They also show high levels of energy in doing various chores and tend to remain excited most of the time.

Sample Response

Personality tests are commonly used psychological inventories that measure different personality traits. Some of the traits are:

  • Extraversion is a state of obtaining gratification and fulfillment from the external or the outside world. Extroverts are talkative and like to interact with many people. They are proven to have high energy. Such people like to be around people and seem to enjoy the company of others. Individuals differ on this trait. Some people have low extroversion and they tend to avoid social situations, whereas some people are ambivalent, which means that they balance their social and personal lives. The people who score high on extroversion are outgoing and very friendly.
  • Enthusiasm refers to a high level of enjoyment and interest. Enthusiastic people show strong excitement about things and the outer world. If people are enthusiastic about some object or situation, they tend to enjoy it more. Enthusiasm differs in intensity. Some individuals are less enthusiastic, some are on a moderate level, and some are at a high level. Low enthusiasm indicates a low level of energy and motivation, moderate enthusiasm indicates a balanced state, and high enthusiasm indicates a high level of energy and motivation.

These traits are assessed on the Likert scale[One to seven], where the range goes from disagree[highly-moderate-a little], to neutral, and finally to agree [a little-moderate-strong]

How would you rate this answer and explanation?
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