How did Lawrence Kohlberg evaluate moral reasoning?
(a) He evaluated the decisions people made on moral dilemmas.
(b) He evaluated the reasons people gave for their decisions on moral dilemmas.
(c) He evaluated people's actual behavior.
(d) He evaluated other people's opinion of each person.
According to Kohlberg, to evaluate people's moral reasoning, we should ask about the reasons for their decisions, not just about the decisions themselves. Kohlberg analyzed people's responses and classified them into several phases of moral thinking after presenting them with various moral dilemmas.
He highlighted that positive moral development is determined by an individual's reasoning about a dilemma.
The correct answer is choice b; He evaluated the reasons people gave for their decisions on moral dilemmas.