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Introduction to Psychology 11th Edition

Introduction to Psychology (11th Edition)

Book Edition11th Edition
Author(s)Kalat
ISBN9781305271555
PublisherCengage Learning
SubjectPsychology
Section 13.1: Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior
Section 13.2: Social Perception and Cognition
Section 13.3: Attitudes and Persuation
Section 13.4: Interpersonal Attraction
Section 13.5: Interpersonal Influence
Chapter 13, Section 13.1, Review Questions , Exercise 1
Page 419

How did Lawrence Kohlberg evaluate moral reasoning?

(a) He evaluated the decisions people made on moral dilemmas.

(b) He evaluated the reasons people gave for their decisions on moral dilemmas.

(c) He evaluated people's actual behavior.

(d) He evaluated other people's opinion of each person.

Explanation

According to Kohlberg, to evaluate people's moral reasoning, we should ask about the reasons for their decisions, not just about the decisions themselves. Kohlberg analyzed people's responses and classified them into several phases of moral thinking after presenting them with various moral dilemmas.

He highlighted that positive moral development is determined by an individual's reasoning about a dilemma.

Answer

The correct answer is choice b; He evaluated the reasons people gave for their decisions on moral dilemmas.

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