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Life-Span Human Development  9th Edition

Life-Span Human Development (9th Edition)

Book Edition9th Edition
Author(s)Rider, Sigelman
ISBN9781337100731
PublisherCengage Learning
SubjectPsychology
Section 5.1: Building Block of Growth and Lifelong Health
Making Connections
Section 5.2: The Infant
Making Connections
Section 5.3: The Child
Making Connections
Section 5.4: The Adolescent
Making Connections
Section 5.5: The Adult
Figure Question
Making Connections
Chapter 5, Section 5.1, Checking Mastery, Exercise 1
Page 133

How does the endocrine system support development?

Here is a tip:

The hormones released by the endocrinal glands supports the development of an individual.

Explanation

The endocrine system helps in the development of an individual in childhood, in the adolescent phase, and then in aging in later life.

 

The pituitary gland is the master gland and controls the production of other hormones. It is controlled by the hypothalamus and helps is regulation of the other hormones. They are responsible for both physical and mental development.

 

The thyroid gland also helps in development. It helps in the development of the nervous system in an individual. For example, deficiency in the production of thyroid hormone during pregnancy showed symptoms of intellectual disability.

 

Androgen in males and estrogen and progesterone in females helps in the development of sex organs. The onset of menstruation in females is also due to these hormones. Progesterone helps in conception and pregnancy. Estrogen helps in the development of the reproductive system in females along with the secondary sexual characteristics. Testosterone also helps in the development of the reproductive system but in males along with secondary sexual characteristics.

Verified Answer

The endocrine system of the body contains endocrine glands that secrete hormones. There are different glands present in the system.

  • The pituitary gland is present at the base of the brain and produces growth hormones, which helps to promote the growth of the individual and triggers the growth spurt during adolescence. The pituitary gland also regulates the secretion of other hormones in the body.
  • The thyroid gland is present in the neck and helps in the development of the nervous system. It also helps in the growth of the boy in the childhood phase.
  • Hormones like androgen [in males] is secreted along with testosterone by testes and trigger adolescent growth in boys at the time puberty.
  • Ovaries secrete the estrogen and progesterone in the females and are responsible for the changes in the body during puberty.
  • Adrenaline gland secretes androgen hormones, which help in the development of muscles.

 

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