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Life-Span Human Development  9th Edition

Life-Span Human Development (9th Edition)

Book Edition9th Edition
Author(s)Rider, Sigelman
ISBN9781337100731
PublisherCengage Learning
SubjectPsychology
Section 10.1: The System of Language
Figure Question
Making Connections
Section 10.2: The Infant
Figure Question
Section 10.4: The Adolescent
Figure Question
Making Connections
Chapter 10, Section 10.1, Figure Question, Exercise 01
Page 303

How would learning theorists describe language acquisition that occurs through interactions such as this one, as a young boy listens to his father?

 

Niamh Baldock/Alamy Stock Photo

Here is a tip:

Interactions with parents and teachers give children more opportunities to talk, observe, and help them to learn to use new words. 

Explanation

Learning theorists emphasize the role of parental interaction and reinforcement because children pick-up new vocabulary when they converse with their parents. Additionally, parental interaction gives children an opportunity to converse in diverse scenarios and the reinforcement encourages them to use such words in other conversations too.

For instance, if a child heard his parents talking with each other in an abusive language, there are chances that the child will also talk to their friend in abusive language or use that language with other people around.

Verified Answer

According to learning theorists, interactions with parents and caregivers can enhance language acquisition. During these interactions parents usually praise when their child uses a new word. This reinforces such behavior. Additionally, parents who engage their children in a conversation by asking questions and probing different answers help expand a child's vocabulary. Rewarding correct usage of grammar and words during interactions such as these enhances the child's linguistic abilities. Moreover, children also imitate their parents, and as a result, end up picking new words and phrases. For instance, the father makes the child learn about the names of the fruits. The child sees a yellow fruit and says 'banana'. Father becomes happy and praises the child. 

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