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Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency 3rd Edition

Developing Helping Skills: A Step-by-Step Approach to Competency (3rd Edition)

Book Edition3rd Edition
Author(s)Chang, Decker, Scott
ISBN9781305943261
PublisherCengage
SubjectPsychology
THE CONSTRUCTIVIST PERSPECTIVE
FAMILY SYSTEMS
HOMEWORK EXERCISE
THE ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE
HOMEWORK EXERCISE
THE STRENGTHS PERSPECTIVE
HOMEWORK EXERCISE
THE RESILIENCE PERSPECTIVE
THE EMPOWERMENT PERSPECTIVE
HOMEWORK EXERCISE
Chapter 2, THE CONSTRUCTIVIST PERSPECTIVE, HOMEWORK EXERCISE , Exercise 01
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SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONIST
 

List five descriptive words related to personality that the dominant cultural group identifies as positive. List five descriptive words related to personality the dominant culture group identifies as negative. Discuss how one of these positive words and one of these negative words could be limiting to someone in a minority group or be advantageous to the dominant group. For example, "To be beautiful women must be thin." How has this construct affected women? How has this construct advantaged wealthy white men who are marketing products to women?

Explanation

Social and cultural factors play a significant role in building the personality of an individual. Social constructivist study how social relationships, cultural influences, language, and backgrounds of people shape the self-perception, perception of others, and their environment.

An individual's personality involves his/her patterns of behaviors, attitudes, thinking, feelings, and emotions. The cultural group has a huge impact on the labeling of an individual's personality as positive or negative. Some of the positive constructs commonly used among the dominant cultural group are:

  • Intelligent
  • Strong
  • Confident
  • Reliable
  • Independent

The negative constructs include:

  • Arrogant
  • Lazy
  • Dishonest
  • Impulsive
  • Dominant

"Assertive" is a positive construct mostly used to describe people, especially men from the dominant cultural group. When an individual from the minority group attempt to be assertive it is often misconstrued as being harsh and disrespectful. Women, for instance, are frequently judged as being stubborn and aggressive as they communicate their needs boldly and assuredly. And their views are rejected because they directly addressed the issue without hesitation.

Similarly, people from the dominant group are considered courageous, authoritative, and self-efficient when they display traits of being dominant and arrogant. They are accepted and labeled assertive when they exhibit dominance and superiority. 

Being thin, fair-skinned, tall, and skinny are considered as the most ideal body-image. This cultural and social tendency to view thinner women as beautiful is the major cause of eating disorders. Young women develop a negative self-image as a result of this pseudo-social norm. The media and entertainment industry exacerbate this irrational thinking and thrive on it. White businessmen utilize this sentiment and use it to market their products that would supplement these common notions. 

Reference: https://bit.ly/3lnWWg4

Answer

Social and cultural factors play a significant role in building the personality of an individual.

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