The term p________ refers to an innate tendency for an organism to more easily learn certain types of behaviors or to associate certain types of events with each other.
The behaviors that are inborn in an organism have evolutionary benefits.
Preparedness is characterized by the innate proclivity of organisms to link one stimulus with another more easily than others. They are naturally inclined to acquire certain behaviors and habits without effort. It allows them to increase their chances of survival by preventing them from potential threats. For instance, the genetic predisposition to associate gastrointestinal illnesses with consumed food prevents them from eating it again as it can have a detrimental effect on their health. Likewise, an inborn inclination to be fearful of wild animals and dangerous objects compels individuals to avoid them, which contributes to minimizing accidental deaths.