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A History of Modern Psychology 11th Edition

A History of Modern Psychology (11th Edition)

Book Edition11th Edition
Author(s)Schultz, Schultz
ISBN9781305630048
PublisherCengage
SubjectPsychology
Chapter 11, End of Chapter, Review Questions, Exercise 1
Page 261

What role did Priscilla the Fastidious Pig play in the history of psychology?

Here is a tip:

Researchers state that the animal in the zoo is subjected to behavior processes and performs various activities, which attracts the audience.

Explanation

Pig P was one of the animals that used to perform at the IQ zoo. According to researchers, this pig was very fascinating and used to follow a proper routine, which began in the morning. It could do all activities that a human could do such as switching on the radio, eating breakfast at the breakfast table, and picking up dirty clothes. Pig P also used to answer questions asked by the people by choosing signs that exhibited "yes" or "no." Pig P was a part of the zoo that exhibited daily activities. This shows that they were conditioned by the zoo's owner to perform such complex behaviors.

 

The owner used conditioning techniques developed by psychologist B.F. Skinner. Through these techniques, the animal learned to exhibit a response frequently in the future when they experienced a reinforcement as a consequence of exhibiting the response. This was a major implication for the progress of the field of behaviorism. 

Verified Answer

Pig P played an integral role in influencing the field of psychology as the pig demonstrated that operant conditioning could be used to train animals to engage in complex tasks. This was huge for the field of behaviorism. 

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