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Introduction to Learning and Behavior 5th Edition

Introduction to Learning and Behavior (5th Edition)

Book Edition5th Edition
Author(s)Honey, Powell
ISBN9781305652941
PublisherCengage
SubjectPsychology
Chapter 1, Start of Chapter, QUICK QUIZ A, Exercise 1
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While reading the text, you will frequently encounter fill-in-the-blank quizzes. Students report that these quizzes greatly facilitate the task of reading by dividing the material into small chunks and by encouraging them to be actively involved with the material. Also, if you are using the 3R or underlining approach mentioned in the earlier section on study tips, the quizzes provide a way for you to assess how well these techniques are working for you. Note that many of the items contain helpful hints, usually in the form of the initial letter or two of the word that should be inserted into the blank. We have not, however, provided the answer key. This is partly because most of the answers can easily be found in the text; more importantly, though, a certain amount of uncertainty can actually facilitate learning (Dunlosky et al., 2013; Karpicke & Blunt, 2011; Schmidt & Bjork, 1992). In other words, even if you are uncertain about the answer to a particular item, your struggle to figure out the answer will very likely lead you to a better understanding of the relevant concept.

 

The term behavior refers to any activity of an organism that can be o________ or somehow m________, whereas the term learning refers to a relatively p________ change in behavior as a result of some type of ex________.

Here is a tip:

The acts, which are visible to the naked eye and that could be monitored, form the basis of the focus of behavioral psychology. 

Explanation

Behavior is an action or deed of a person that can be recorded or assessed through various means. Behavior can also be defined as any external or internal [covert behavior] action exhibited by an individual in response to their external or internal changing environmental conditions. For instance, as a consequence of standing in a crowded area, an individual is compelled to speak very loudly for another person to listen to what is being said. This behavior of the person is observable and the magnitude of the behavior, that is, the loudness, can also be recorded.

 

A person learns from the environment, and this learning is retained for a long time period. For instance, since speaking loudly in a crowded area resulted in favorable results, that is, the friend of the person was able to hear what the person wanted to say, the individual learned this behavior and exhibits it whenever in a crowded situation.

Verified Answer

  • Observed

  • Measured

  • Permanent

  • Experience

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