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Ms. Emm Tax is employed as an internal auditor of Uncle Stan's Enterprises Limited, a Canadian-controlled private

corporation. She is provided with a car owned by the corporation to allow her to travel to the various plants and offices of the firm. An amount is withheld from her salary for the personal use of the car, which amounts to 30% of the 30,000 total kilometres driven in the year. On her auditing trips, she is away for a minimum of five days. Ms. Tax is considered to be a "key employee" and receives various benefits, including stock options.

Ms. Tax presents you with a shopping bag full of receipts and notes written on scraps of paper from which you develop the following information for the year 2018.


Net salary


Withholding by employer from salary


Income tax




Registered Pension Plan




Canada Pension Plan




Employment Insurance




Group term life insurance




Group disability insurance (40% of total premium)




Payment for personal use of company car



Total salary


Travel allowance paid by employer

$ 8,100


($135 per day for 60 days; actual reasonable travelling expenses for 2018 were $10,665, consisting of $2,400 for meals, $4,400 for accommodation, and $3,865 for air and ground transportation)


Book value of company-owned automobile



(original capital cost in November 2017 of $32,000, plus 13% HST; capital cost allowance claimed by company in 2018 of $7,650; operating costs paid by employer for 2018 of $9,575, including HST)


Payment received from group disability plan while disabled by falling off a loading dock while counting inventory



(she paid premiums of a total of $1,200 since commencing employment in 2014 and she has not received benefits previously)


Employer contributions


Group term life insurance policy Premium




Group disability insurance plan (60% of premium)




Liberty Health extended medical insurance premium




Ontario health payroll tax




Registered Pension Plan



Proceeds received from sale of 100 shares of stock (representing less than 1% of all shares) acquired under the employee stock option plan at an option price of $10 per share



(when she was granted the option in 2014, the fair market value of the stock was $12; when she exercised the option in 2014, the fair market value was $13)


Fees paid by company for University of Waterloo correspondence course in philosophy taken on Ms. Tax's own initiative on her own time


Donation to Lower Taxes Party of Canada, a registered political party


Premium paid by Ms. Tax on personal whole life insurance policy


Membership fees paid by Ms. Tax to athletic club


Interest received on Canada Savings Bonds purchased through payroll savings plan


Birthday gift paid in cash under company policy and deducted by employer


Cost (including all taxes) to company of her eating lunch once per month in the executive dining room at no charge


Interest paid to company on a $10,000 loan for unanticipated expenses; the loan was outstanding throughout 2018 at a rate of 1%



(assume that the prescribed rates for 2018 are: 2%, 3%, 4%, and 3% for the first, second, third, and fourth quarters, respectively)


Value of internal auditor's required uniform consisting of green eyeshade, elastic armbands, white blouse, and dark grey suit (three sets), all tastefully monogrammed with the firm's logo and provided by the company


Premium paid by Ms. Tax for Liberty Health private dental insurance


Dues paid by Ms. Tax to the Institute of Internal Auditors, a professional body recognized by legal statute


Gain on sale of shares purchased as a result of a stock tip given by Uncle Stan who was told by a friend that Underground Airways stock was about to take off


Bonus payable on December 31, 2018 but not paid to Ms. Tax until January 2019


Expenses paid by company for Ms. Tax's husband who accompanied her on an auditing trip to Moosonee




(A)  Determine the amount of Ms. Tax's income from employment for 2018. Show all aspects of the required calculations, whether or not necessary to the final answer.

(B)  Briefly comment on why you consider any of the above amounts to be inapplicable to the calculation. Be sure to comment on all items not used in your computation of employment income.


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